Gardening

Legumes: Traditional varieties of beans, chickpeas and lentils

Legumes are the dry seeds that grow inside the pods of horticultural plants of the botanical family of legumes. Legumes are a very complete food, they contain carbohydrates, vegetable protein, dietary fiber, beneficial fats, minerals and vitamins.

Among the legumes we include chickpeas , lentils , beans or beans , broad beans , lupins and peas or peas . In this article we are going to focus on lentils, chickpeas, and beans.

Legumes are part of the traditional gastronomy of our country and we can find legume recipes that are prepared more in autumn and winter, such as stews, stews, stews, purees, etc. and other recipes that are more prepared in spring and summer, such as legume salad or hummus that is eaten warm or cold. We can also include legumes in cooking recipes such as falafel, hamburgers, croquettes, etc.

Legumes are a traditional food of the Mediterranean diet and, in general, it is recommended to consume legumes between 3 and 4 times a week to combine the protein of animal origin and of vegetable origin in legumes .

Although many different types of legumes are produced and consumed in Spain, in the vast majority of supermarkets almost all legumes sold come from outside Europe and their environmental footprint is ridiculously huge. It makes no sense that we consume legumes from other continents when the ones we produce are of excellent quality and local. When buying legumes, look at the origin listed on the label. Here you have ORGANIC VEGETABLES produced here.

Legumes quality stamps

Apart from the organic certification that legumes produced under the strict criteria of organic farming have, in Spain we have legumes with different quality certificates or seals:

  • Ecological legumes > the ecological seal certifies that these legumes have been grown carrying out sustainable practices with the environment, without using synthetic chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides, antibiotics, etc. therefore we avoid ingesting all these toxins. Organic foods follow stricter quality controls than conventional foods.
  • Protected Geographical Identification (PGI) > this type of seal certifies that the product itself originates from a certain region or geographical area and has a quality or characteristics attributable to said geographical origin. The production, transformation or elaboration must be carried out in said area.
  • Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) > this seal certifies that the product belongs to the specified geographical area and its quality and qualities are due to the conditions that exist in said area. Both the production and the transformation and elaboration are carried out in this area.

Find ECO Fruit and Vegetables

The main difference between a product with a PGI stamp and another with a PDO stamp is that in the case of the latter, both the production, the transformation and the elaboration are carried out in the indicated geographical area, while in the product with the PGI stamp or the production or processing or processing has been carried out in the geographical area indicated.

We are going to know some types of legumes that have been traditionally grown.

Traditional varieties of legumes in Spain

Types of lentils

ºº Pardina . It is a lentil with Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) from the Tierra de Campos region, which occupies the provinces of Valladolid, Zamora, Palencia and León. This type of lentil has a brown or reddish-brown color and is known for its quality, for being very fine on the palate and for having a soft texture and therefore we do not need to soak it.

ºº Armuña . Originally from Salamanca and with Protected Geographical Indication (PGI). They are known for being of high quality and their characteristic yellow color, which is why they are also known as Armuña blonde.

ºº Beluga . A small, dark, almost black lentil. It cooks in a short time and is often used in salads.

ºº Verdina . It is a type of lentil that is grown in some areas of the province of Toledo and León. The green lentils are small in size and brown in color.

Types of chickpeas

ºº Chickpea from Fuentesaúco . This chickpea with Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) from the province of Zamora. It is medium to large in size and has a very good reputation for high quality.

ºº Chickpea from Escacena . It is a variety of chickpea that is protected with the Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) seal of the Campo de Tejada area, which includes the municipalities of Huelva and Seville. It is an elongated chickpea flattened on the sides, with a fine white skin, buttery texture and very fine on the palate.

ºº Milky white . It is a rather large, white and elongated chickpea. It is grown mainly in Extremadura and Andalusia.

ºº Pedrosillano . It is one of the smallest chickpeas with a rounder shape.

ºº Spanish . It is medium to large in size. It is round and has a more orange color.

ºº Venous Andalusian . It is grown mainly in Granada. It has a more pronounced flavor and a size between medium and large.

More articles on the properties of food

Types of beans

Depending on the area in which we are, legumes can receive different names, such as beans, also known as fabes, beans or beans.

ºº Asturian Faba . It is an elongated white bean with a buttery texture. It is a bean with Protected Geographical Indication (PGI).

ºº Kidney often , paints , cinnamon and plancehta . These 4 varieties of beans have Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) from La Bañeza, León.

ºº Mongeta of the Ganxet . This bean or bean has the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) seal. They can be found dried, canned and cooked. They are white beans, kidney-shaped. It is produced in several municipalities in the eastern and western Vallés regions.

ºº White kidney , white round , Judión , white ironed , arrocina , round dwelling and elongated . All these varieties of beans have Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) from El Barco de Ávila.

ºº Faba de Lourenzá . This bean has a Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) from the Lourenzá area, Lugo. It is also known as faba galaica. It is quite large and also has a great capacity to absorb water, it is kidney-shaped and white in color.

ºº Fessols Santa Pau . A bean with the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) certification from several municipalities in the Garrotxa region, in Gerona. They can be found dried, canned and cooked.

ºº Judión farm . It is originally from the province of Segovia and it is a large white bean.

ºº Kidney white beans . They are also called butter beans in some areas. It is fleshy and is grown mainly in León, in La Bañeza.

ºº Garrafo . It is typical in the Valencian Community and is used mainly in paella recipes. It is quite large, white or greenish, and with a buttery texture.

ºº Bold . A black bean with a higher starch content than other beans.

ºº Tolosana . Dark red bean, with a more rounded shape than the rest.

ºº Caparro . This bean is white with red stripes. It is widely grown in La Rioja.

ºº Marbled palmeña . A bean that is produced mainly in León. It is more elongated and of a large size, although somewhat smaller than the common pinto bean. It has a pink background and is mottled.

 

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