Gardening

Main aquatic plants and how to care for them

Aquatic plants have a dazzling effect on any lake and this is due to the diversity and beauty of existing plants. Find out which are the main aquatic plants, how to care for them and decorate your lake.

Planting aquatic plants

Planting aquatic plants is similar to other ways of planting flowers or vegetables in your garden . It is necessary to take into account the land where you are going to plant them, choose the most suitable pots, use the most appropriate planting techniques, the best fertilizers and, above all, perform an excellent maintenance to take care of them in the best possible way. To take care of your aquatic plants and to obtain the best results from your plantation, it is essential to know which are the main aquatic plants and in which groups they are divided.

The main aquatic plants

There are several types of aquatic plants and they can be divided into different groups. Are they:

Tropical water lilies

There are several aquatic plants that belong to the class of tropical water lilies. Of the most important, the following stand out:

  • Panama Pacific: this is a viviparous lily with violet and purple flowers;
  • Tina: the purple flowers of this lily have a sweet fragrance. This is, without a doubt, an excellent flowering plant;
  • August Koch: this is a lily with blue flowers and these, in turn, have a very pleasant fragrance;
  • Director Moore: it is a star-shaped lily that has a dark purple color. The leaves themselves are splashed in purple tones;
  • Shirley Bryne: this flower is a viviparous lily that has a dark pink hue.

How to care for tropical water lilies

Regardless of the type of tropical water lily you choose to decorate your pond , you should be aware that in order for it to grow and flower correctly, it is necessary to comply with the following aspects:

Planting tropical water lilies: Tropical water lilies should be planted in late spring or early autumn, as they do best with mild temperatures, particularly between 5 and 25 degrees Fahrenheit. It is essential to plant tropical water lilies in pots that are at least 25 centimeters in diameter (a smaller pot will work with a smaller plant).

Use the most appropriate land: tropical water lilies need to be placed in a heavy clayey soil, since this type of soil has all the nutrients necessary for plants to have a healthy and sustainable growth. You can use all kinds of organic fertilizers to make the soil as fertile as possible.

Plant the tubers in the ground: the tuber of the lily should be placed upright, with the roots gently buried in the soil, which will facilitate its flowering.

Putting sand in the lily pot: placing sand in a pot is extremely important, as it will prevent the soil from leaving the pot. However, you should keep the sand as far away from the crown of the lily tuber as possible so as not to hinder its growth.

Lower the plant into the water: initially, the tropical water lilies should be placed at a depth of 15 centimeters and, as they grow, they can be lowered up to 30 centimeters.

The resistant water lilies

There are several types of aquatic plants that belong to the category of resistant water lilies. The following are highlighted:

  • Comanche: this lily has yellow flowers and has a long flowering season;
  • Indiana: this is a small lily that initially has flowers in apricot hues and, as they grow, change to a reddish and orange hue;
  • Attraction: it is an excellent flowering plant with a red color. It is one of the largest red water lilies;
  • James Brydon: these lilies are medium in size, dark red in color and tan in leaves;
  • Texas Dawn: it is a yellow lily that presents leaves with reddish and brownish tones;
  • Virginia: it is a type of specific lily of medium dimensions that has the shape of a star and white flowers;
  • Charlene Strawn: is a yellow lily of medium and long dimensions and is an excellent option for decorating a lake .

How to treat resistant water lilies

Resistant water lilies are planted in the same way as tropical lilies and use the same type of soil and fertilizers. In any case, there are some details that you should pay attention to. Are they:

Planting resistant water lilies: resistant water lilies should be planted in early spring and must be fertilized every 4 to 6 weeks. They bloom in the months of June to September and become inactive in the coldest months. In order to be planted correctly, it is necessary to acquire a pot with 35 to 40 centimeters in diameter.

Plant the tubers in the ground: the tubers should be planted horizontally, with a 45 degree slope and with the crown exposed. Then, it is necessary to cover them with a layer of sand so that the soil does not leave the pot.

Lower the plant in the water: at an early stage, the resistant water lilies should be placed at a depth of 15 centimeters and, as they grow, they can be lowered to 45 centimeters.

The Lotus

Lotus are aquatic plants that usually live in slow water courses or freshwater ponds and live in shallow depths. Lotus have various types and sizes of flowers and these are usually pink or white and have many petals. It is noteworthy that the Lotus is known for the longevity of its seeds, since they can germinate over several centuries.

How to care for Lotus

Lotus are planted in the same way as tropical, hardy water lilies and use the same type of soil and fertilizers. In order for them to grow in a healthy way, they must be meticulously treated. To do this correctly, you must follow the following steps:

Plant the Lotus: fill the container where you are going to plant the Lotus with heavy clay soil and fertilize it in an appropriate way.

Plant the Lotus tubers in the soil: place the tuber with the cut part close to the edge of the pot. Note that you must place a stone on the tuber in order to hold it in the desired location and then add more soil.

Cover the Lotus in the water: initially, you should place the Lotus vase in the water to a depth of just a few centimeters. Then, as the plant grows, it can be lowered to a greater depth. Keep in mind that when the water reaches freezing temperatures, the Lotus, despite being very resistant, may not be able to survive.

The shallow water lilies

Shallow water lilies have several associated aquatic plants, such as:

  • Colocasia antiquorum: it is a lily that has a heart shape and is purple and green in color;
  • Iris Louisiana: is a plant that is available in black, red, white and blue. It is a very resistant flowering plant that can grow up to 60 centimeters;
  • Aquatic Mint: it is a plant that grows up to 30 centimeters and has a green color;
  • Aquatic Neptunica: is a type of plant that blooms in summer, is very sensitive and has yellow leaves;
  • Pontederia Cordota: this plant has heart-shaped leaves with spikes of blue or white flowers and its flowering is very common in summer.

How to care for shallow water lilies

Shallow water lilies are aquatic plants that grow out of the water and are usually found at the edges of water. In order for your maintenance to be carried out correctly, the following steps must be respected:

Plant shallow water lilies: they should be planted in pots that are about 25 to 35 centimeters in diameter. When planting these lilies, it is necessary to place a 5 cm net so that the roots are not damaged. Please note that these plants must be fertilized every 6 to 8 weeks.

Lower the plant in the water: the shallow water lilies should be placed at a depth of 5 centimeters and, as they grow, they can be lowered to 7.5 centimeters.

Sturdy floats and tropical floats

These plants do not need to be planted and just place them on the surface of the water for them to grow in a healthy way. Most floating plants, resistant and tropical, want tropical temperatures and cannot tolerate winter frosts.

Underwater plants

All lakes must have underwater plants to help keep the water clean and pure. These plants are extremely important as they help to prevent algae growth. The plants should be introduced into a pond in appropriate pots and always using soil with a balanced pH – place gravel or sand on the soil before submerging the pots, to prevent fish, if any, from loosening the soil into the pond. It should be noted that underwater plants are submerged to a depth of 30 centimeters.

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