Gardening

Malpighia emarginata or Acerola care

Malpighia emarginata or Malpighia glabra also known as Acerola or Semeruco. It belongs to the Malpiginaceae family. It is native to Central America, the Antilles, and in the humid tropics. Being very recognized for its fruit, which has spread it.

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Malpighia emarginata characteristics

Acerola is a semi-prostrate or erect perennial shrub that grows to about 3 m high. It has dense foliage and the leaves are petiolate, elliptical or oval with an obtuse apex, dark green and shiny. The inflorescences are top-shaped and axillary. The pedunculated flowers in small groups of 2 to 5. The fruit is drupe-shaped, orange or purple, rich in nutrients, especially vitamin C. Inside it has 3 seeds.

Malpighia emarginata care

It is a species that grows in full sun. Although it is able to tolerate drought and adapts to it. It is worth mentioning that young specimens do not tolerate cold, but being adults up to -2˚C.

It is a shrub that does well on clay or limestone soil, but as long as it is well drained. Poor drainage can lead to waterlogging and the consequences are root asphyxia.

It is propagated by means of seeds or cuttings. With regard to sexual reproduction by seeds, it can have very low germination capacity. It is necessary to choose a seed from a specimen that has been exposed to cross pollination. Clean, dry and treat with a fungicide. Asexual reproduction by cutting takes place in adult trees. It consists of cutting a 15 mm thick cutting and placing it in a propagator with hormones until it can root.

The fruits are collected when they are fully ripe. If you want to make jams or preserves, it is necessary that they be harvested immature, which are turning from yellow to red.

Regarding pests and diseases, it can be susceptible to several such as weevils (agricultural pests that limit production), gall-inducing nematodes (cause serious problems, as they attack the tree), insects (whiteflies, aphids, etcetera), as well as fungi ( Cercospora ssp ), being the main fungal disease.

What do you think? Did you know it? Do you like it? Have you tasted its fruits? If so, tell us everything about this plant so that more people know about it, how great its beauty and its fruits are.

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