Gardening

Nepenthes, carnivorous plant that has a jug-shaped structure

Nepenthes also known as Pitcher Plant, Monkey Cup Plant or Nepentes . It belongs to the Nepenthaceae family. It is found in all Indo-Pacific regions, comprising Seychelles to the north, New Caledonia to the east, and Madagascar to the west. As well as Sumatra, Java and Malaysia.

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It is a genus that groups about 70 species of perennial epiphytes. Most of the specimens are climbers.

Nepenthes characteristics

It is a species that has a bottle-shaped structure  that hangs from the plant by means of very resistant tendrils.

As for young plants, they form rosettes, while climbers develop long, woody stems.

The leaves are very large and at its ends it has a cord where it places the pitcher trap.

The jugs are of varied shapes and colors. They secrete a medium-sweet liquid that attracts insects, they slip inside and are digested by the juices of the plant.

The male and female flowers are found on the plants, the male being the pollen producers.

Nepenthes care

Nepenthes requires a minimum temperature of between 18-22˚C in a humid environment. In hot periods it should be placed in the shade.

It is convenient to place it in the light, but never in direct sun. When the temperature is very high, it should be sprayed.

The soil should be slightly damp, with a pH around 6, rich in nutrients and with a part of peat (40%), perlite (40%) and vermiculite (20%) or expanded polystyrene

The transplant should not be done, as it is a very delicate plant. It does not require fertilizers either, since it is enough to capture insects. If he could not hunt them, he would have to be supplied with flies and ants.

The pests that can damage it are mealybugs and aphids that live as parasites on the plant.

It is propagated by means of seeds. For this, it would be necessary to plant in a humid substrate, bright light, high humidity and a temperature of 21 to 29˚C.

Now, in lowlands it should be between 10 to 21˚C

By means of cuttings. After a few days of removing the upper node, the cutting will have to be cut again with 2 or 3 nodes and proceed the same.

By means of air layering. Layer the long stems. A small dose of rooting hormones with a high substrate.

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