Gardening

Oregano: cultivation and medicinal and culinary uses

Would you like to grow your own oregano plant?

The oregano , Origanum vulgare , also known by other names like orenga and marjoram wild, is an aromatic plant branched perennial of the botanical family Lamiaceae with dark green leaves, oval, stalked and villi that can reach 1 meter in height.

In summer you can see its flowers in clusters that usually have lilac and pinkish tones. The oregano plant has a very pleasant characteristic smell . Oregano can be planted without problems in the vegetable garden, in the garden and also indoors in pots, as long as the ideal conditions are provided for its development.

The oregano plant is very helpful because it is used in many cooking recipes , medicinal preparations can be made with it and it also has an ornamental quality, since it can be very beautiful and as it is an aromatic plant it gives off a very pleasant aroma.

Do you like to take care of yourself? If your desire is to have good health and you like to be well, choose organic fruits and vegetables and take care of yourself from the outside with BIO hygiene and cosmetic products . Remember that ECO food is the best for you and the planet.

How to grow organic oregano

Seeds, seedlings and cuttings

You can start by sowing the oregano seeds directly into the ground, in pots or preparing the seedlings yourself. When sowing the seeds, do not bury them deeper than twice their diameter, as it may be more difficult for them to break through to the surface. The seeds must be at no less than 20ºC to germinate in about 10 days. Sowing is done in spring and autumn.

Another way to start is by acquiring the seedlings , that is, oregano seedlings that are already about 5 to 10 cm tall. It is easier to stick with the seedlings than to get all the seeds to germinate, so if you don’t have much experience, acquiring the seedlings is the easiest way to start.

Finally we have the cuttings . A cutting is a branch of the mother plant that we leave in a jar with water until the roots come out, then it is planted in the ground or pot where you want it to grow. It can also be simpler than the seed option.

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Substratum

It requires a substrate that has very good drainage to prevent water from accumulating. If there is an excess of humidity, fungi could appear. Twice a year, add a layer of 2cm of worm humus or any other organic fertilizer . It prefers soils with a pH between 5 and 8 and with little nitrogen.

Light

Oregano plants need a lot of sun, so you should find a location where they can receive several hours of sun a day. Although they prefer to be in full sun, the oregano plant can also adapt to areas in semi-shade, although the development will be less. Read about symptoms in plants due to excess and deficiency due to sun exposure .

Temperature

Oregano is a plant resistant to low temperatures, it can even resist some frost. But its optimum temperature is between 20 and 30 ºC.

Irrigation

It does not need a lot of water and prefers rather dry soils. In general, one watering per week is usually more than enough to keep the plant in good condition. During the summer you can get to water twice a week. As always, we recommend using drip irrigation to make better use of the water and water in the late afternoon. Watering is one of the key factors for our plants to thrive, read everything you need to know about watering .

Multiplication

Once you have your adult plant you can get more plants from it in several ways. One of them is by dividing the mother plant, which is carried out mainly in spring and autumn. Water an hour before (it is easier when the soil is slightly damp) and carefully, separate some branches making sure that you also take the portion of roots that correspond to them and plant them in a pot or directly in the ground. Leave the dirt between the roots.

Another way to multiply or reproduce oregano plants is through seeds (as explained at the beginning).

As for the cuttings, the best time to do them is usually also spring and autumn and they are usually very easy to do.

Harvest

You can cut twigs with the leaves and let them dry in a dark place, with good aeration (but without strong wind) and without humidity. So you can use them throughout the year.

Medicinal uses of oregano

The oregano can take preparing an infusion, infusing oil, tincture, poultice, etc.

What is the medicinal action of oregano ? Oregano has expectorant, digestive, antiseptic, tonic, analgesic, carminative, antifungal and antispasmodic action. The part of the oregano that is used is the dried or fresh leaves.

 

What is oregano good for ? Taken as an infusion, this plant is beneficial for gas, poor digestion, relieves asthma, cough, sore throat, laryngitis and colds. The infusion can be used as a mouthwash and to heal wounds.

You can make a poultice for the cases of period pain, gastrointestinal disorders, colic and muscle aches.

Applying the tincture or infused oil of oregano can eliminate nail fungus, among many other home remedies. See how to make oregano infused oil .

Read more details about the properties of oregano .

ecological medicinal plants

Culinary uses of oregano

Oregano is a spice that goes very well with tomatoes. It can be added to Italian dishes such as pasta, pizzas, and lasagna.

This aromatic plant is also included in soups and stews, rice dishes, dishes prepared in the oven, to make marinades, to dress olives, to season salads and other cold dishes.

 

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