Organic food labeling

In accordance with the European regulations on production and labeling of organic products , we can define the main characteristics of organic products as follows:

  • From organic farming .
  • Produced without the use of synthetic chemicals ( pesticides, fertilizers, herbicides ).
  • Obtained respecting the growth rate.
  • Made without the addition of artificial substances (additives, colorants, flavorings, aromas).
  • Produced without genetically modified organisms (GMOs) ( transgenic ).
  • Certified by a control body (private company) or control authority (public body).


In general, the labeling of organic products:

  • It must comply with the community, national and regional regulatory provisions on general labeling of food products .
  • You cannot mislead the consumer or user by suggesting that a product or its ingredients meet the requirements to be considered organic. This includes the terms used in trademarks, labeling and advertising.
  • In the composition of processed organic food, there may not be simultaneously an organic ingredient and the same ingredient obtained in a non-organic way or from a plot in the conversion phase; Labeling is considered to be “any word, term, detail, registered trademark, trademark, illustrated motif or symbol placed on any container, document, notice, label, plate, ring or necklace, or related to the same, that accompanies or refers to to a product ”.

The terms ECOLOGICAL, BIOLOGICAL, ORGANIC and their derivatives or abbreviations, such as “ECO”, “BIO” and “ORG”, used alone or combined with other terms, have the same meaning and can be used on labeling, advertising material or commercial documents, by an operator controlled by a control body authorized in organic production, and whose results of the controls have been favorable.


What must have the organic food label organic?

european seal


European logo.


ES-ECO-XXX-YY     Code of the entity that certifies the product, it must always be stated.

    ES = EU State

    ECO = ECO, BIO, ORG, OKO ,,,

    XXX = Number of the certifying entity. In Spain there are 27. See entities.

    YY = Autonomous Community. See codes.

EU Agriculture       It is mandatory to indicate the origin of raw materials, EU or third countries.


autonomous communities ecological logo


The logo of the control body or authority is optional.



Some considerations to keep in mind:

  • The code of the control body (ES-ECO-XXX-YY) is mandatory in all products marketed with references to the organic production method.
  • The community logo …

It is mandatory in fresh packaged products, and transformed in which at least 95% of the ingredients of agricultural origin are organic.

It is optional for two types of products: non-packaged and imported from third countries.

It is prohibited in ” products in conversion to organic farming ” and “products with organic ingredients”.

  • The indications on the origin of the product (“EU Agriculture”, “Non-EU Agriculture”, “EU / Non-EU Agriculture”) …

They are associated with the use of the community logo.

They can be replaced by the name of the country in question.

It can be omitted, if the quantity of ingredients to which it refers is less than 2%.

  • The use of the logo, the numerical code of the control body and the place of origin are regulated.

The code of the control body must appear in the same visual field as the logo.

The origin of the raw materials (“EU Agriculture”, “Non-EU Agriculture”, “EU / Non-EU Agriculture”) must appear immediately below the code of the control body.

  • The logo of the supervisory body or authority is optional.
  • Some control bodies or authorities include their own identification code.
  • As in other products, organic or not, to facilitate their traceability, the labeling must indicate the identification data of the producer, manufacturer or distributor of the product, batch number, date of preferred consumption, etc.


“From ECO farmer we encourage you to check the labeling of organic food products that you have at home and thus be able to identify them and be sure of what you buy.”

INTERECO , a Non-Profit Association that groups together the Public Control Authorities of Ecological Agriculture, that is, the Committees / Councils of ecological agriculture of the CCAA, which are the public entities in charge of the control, promotion and certification of products coming from organic farming, it gives different courses and workshops with which you can deepen your knowledge of eco-labeling. You can see their Eco-Labeling Guide

Below we can see different cases of eco-labeling according to the type of product:




non-processed agricultural product


Product in conversion to organic farming

Product not transformed into conversion




Transformed product


Product transformed in conversion to organic farming

The transformed products may make use of the mention “in conversion to organic farming”, provided that they are composed of a single vegetable ingredient and 100% of the ingredients of agricultural origin come from the conversion to organic farming.

Product transformed into conversion


Product whose main ingredient is hunting or fishing and the agricultural ingredients are entirely organic

product transformed with organic ingredients


Products that contain at least one ingredient of organic agricultural origin

The organic ingredients of agricultural origin that the product contains are less than 95%.

Product transformed with at least one organic ingredient



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