Paphiopedilum, a spectacular flowering plant

Paphiopedilum also known as Lady’s Slipper, Venus, Pafiopedilo, Women’s Slippers, Venus Sandals or Venus’s Shoe . It belongs to the Orchidaceae family, of about 70 terrestrial monopodial species that are threatened by the destruction of their habitat. Being native to the tropical areas of Asia.

The name Paphiopedilum comes from the Greek “Paphia” from Paphos, from the epithet “Venus” and pedilum “sandal or slipper !, alluding to the shape of the lip.

Paphiopedilum characteristics

The roots do not go deep, rather they spread through the moss that covers them.

The leaves are 10 to 50 cm long, in rosettes, elliptical, acaules and without reserve organs of a green or mottled tone.

The stem has a waxy appearance, which has a single flower that can last approximately 10 weeks. The flowers seem artificial and the upper sepal has a color that contrasts with the rest.

Paphiopedilum care

It is an easy-to-grow plant , with a longevity of between 1 to 7 years indoors and 10 in a greenhouse.

It resists the shade, but for it to have an optimal flowering it is necessary to place it in a window with a little light.

The humidity should be moderate, between 40 and 50%. To do this, you can vaporize the foliage, without the liquid dripping.

If the weather is cold it should be 25˚C during the day and between 10 and 15˚C at night. However, it requires a period of night coolness for it to flourish.

Regarding the substrate, if there are deficiencies, it must be transplanted, cutting the roots that are in poor condition.

Irrigation should be moderate so that the liquid for the roots is available, since it is a species that does not have pseudobulbs.

Ideally, water in the morning, once a week (in October until the end of February). It is important not to get water on the leaf sheath because it can rot.

The compost will be a mixture based on bark and add an orchid compost  twice a month .

The pest that could harm this plant is the spider mite. While the disease that affects it the most is the Erwinia cypripedii bacteria, as it could cause severe damage.

It is propagated by dividing the bush, after flowering in the spring, or by seeds with the appropriate means.

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