Gardening

Parts of plants that are used in natural remedies

The medicinal plants are the oldest remedies of mankind. All cultures have used plant resources to treat diseases and conditions in a natural way . And not only are those who are in favor of alternative medicine interested in investigating its properties, so are the big pharmaceutical companies. Because more than half of the drugs that we find on the market are made with medicinal plants.

Depending on the active principles that you want to take advantage of, one or another part of the plant is used, the moment of its collection and the way of preparation (infusion, cooking, maceration ) are determined.

Fresh leaves: there are plants (mint and nettle for example), from which the fresh leaves are used that are eaten in salads or blended with water. Nettle juices are tasty and very cleansing. It is recommended to collect the leaves when the plant is in its fullness.

Dry leaves: (laurel …) in most cases it is the dry leaves that allow the medicinal properties of a plant to be extracted. The leaves closest to the flower are those that contain a greater amount of active ingredients.

Stems: (lesser centaury …) in other cases, generally when it comes to fleshy plants, such as chamomile and lesser centaury, the chopped and dried stems are used. Since the stems are tougher than the leaves and flowers, they are usually cooked or macerated.

Flowers: (sage …) the flowers are usually used to make baths or infusions. The case of chamomile is emblematic, but also that of sage and many other flowers. The dried flower is generally used. With the flowers of aromatic plants, such as lavender or lavender, perfumes and colognes are made.

Bark: (cinnamon stick …) it is recommended to collect the bark at the end of the annual cycle or before flowering. Shrub bark is collected in autumn and tree bark in spring. Cinnamon bark, for example, is an excellent general stimulant.

Roots and bulbs: (onion…) from ancient times the roots and bulbs of plants have been collected and consumed. The onion for example, is not only known for the good flavor it provides to meals, but also for its healing properties.

Fruits: Shrubs and medicinal plants also produce fruits that can be used for remedies and recipes. Some fruits are taken dried and others fresh. Of the plants whose fruit is fleshy, the ripe fruit is usually used, without drying. Such is the case of wild berries (blackberries, blueberries, bilberries or sloes) and obviously, of all fruit trees.

Seeds: (rose hip seeds) the seeds of some plants are often used, which are usually collected when they begin to dry out. Such is the case of flax seeds, recommended in treatments against constipation.

via redpermacultura
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