What is peat?

Peat is a fibrous material that forms when mosses and other plant elements (grass, reeds) are decomposing. Peat decomposition occurs slowly and in the absence of air. Since the process takes time, it is not considered a renewable resource. Gardeners mainly use it as a fertilizer. It has an acidic pH, so it is not very suitable for plants that like an alkaline soil. It is ideal, however, for crops such as blueberries and camellias. A great feature of peatis its poor compaction, so an application can last several years. In it there are no harmful microorganisms or weed seeds that can be found in the other compounds. This is an important addition to most soils, as it is capable of retaining moisture, which it then releases to the plant roots as needed. At the same time it has the ability to retain a lot of nutrients so that they are not lost from the soil during irrigation.

Plants, to grow healthy and beautiful, need a series of attention and care. In gardening, nutrient-rich soil ensures the emergence and development of lush flowers and dense foliage. The best way to improve the soil is to add materials such as compost or peat. Peat improves the drainage of clayey soil, and to retain water in clayey soils. It also ensures frequent air exchange between the roots, in favor of the plant’s health. Feeding and meeting the needs of the soil is the key to successful cultivation. Peat has been used by DIY growers and gardeners since the mid-twentieth century. On its own it does not yield, but must be mixed with other ingredients to compensate for the total volume of the mixture. Mixed with sand and loam it has become a popular medium for a high quality crop. Much of the dead material comes from sphagnum moss that grows in environments called peat bogs.

Different types of peat

There are different types of peat which are distinguished by their composition and quality. The characteristics of peat depend, among other things, on the depth from which it comes, the method of extraction and the climatic circumstances. Among the most common, there is peat moss or moss, more simply called peat. It is a product used by gardeners, as they are an excellent aid for growing in pots. Plants grown with a blond peat-based soil develop under ideal conditions. They can benefit from excellent water drainage and at the same time are able to retain the nutrients they need. On the other hand, dark peat is more suitable for greenhouse cultivation. Each type of soil is mixed withthe peat that suits him best. A soil rich in clay requires a fairly fine material. On the other hand, a coarser peat is suitable for a sandy soil. In any case, the characteristics that must not be missing are fibrousness and humidity.

Peat: Peat formation process

Peat is formed from decaying plant and animal material. This usually occurs in humid areas and with certain acidic and anaerobic conditions. Peatlands are aqueous and oxygen-free environments. The plants that turn into peat are those characteristic of a swamp, such as mosses and shrubs. Dried peat can be used as a fuel. Traditionally, in several countries, it has replaced wood for cooking and heating because trees were not always readily available. Dry peat burns easily with a flame. It is smoky and has a distinctive odor. The ash is dusty and light, except for the varieties that have a high content of inorganic substance. In addition to being used for domestic heating,

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