Gardening

Pepper cultivation in the organic garden

The pepper or chili pepper plant , Capsicum annum L , is of the herbaceous type that, although it is perennial, is usually grown annually. It belongs to the Solanaceae family like the eggplant , the potato or potato and the  tomato .

The pepper is widely consumed in many areas of the world due to its flavor and is part of many traditional cooking recipes due to its ease of being prepared or cooked in many different ways. Know the nutritional properties of the pepper .

The flowers of the pepper plant are self-pollinated, so they are capable of self-pollination. The fruit of this plant (a berry) can be yellow, white, purple, orange, red or green and inside are the seeds that we can remove and save for later sowing.

We are going to know some important data to take into account when growing peppers in our organic garden.

10 Tips for growing peppers or chili peppers

plant pepper Sowing

Leave at least 50 centimeters between seed and seed so that the plants have enough space to develop.

Temperature

The pepper plant is quite sensitive to temperatures. A large difference between nighttime and daytime temperatures can cause problems with flower development. Too high temperatures could cause the fall of flowers and small fruits that have already appeared, while low temperatures can produce smaller and / or deformed peppers.

Soils

The pepper plant requires soils with a pH between 6.5 and 7, deep, slightly sandy, with good drainage and rich in organic matter and rich in nitrogen.

Light

E l peppers need direct exposure to the sun, especially during the early life of the plant and during flowering.

Humidity

E l excess moisture in the environment can cause problems in the fertilization of the flowers, and if you also add high temperatures even these may eventually fall.

Irrigation

T he best way of watering that I can advise you is drip irrigation. This way, the water is used very well and losses due to evaporation are reduced. Make sure the waterings are regular but do not exceed the amount of water. An excess of watering could cause the fall of the flowers. Irregular waterings or lack of water usually produce cracks in the peppers.

Detail

As the plant grows, we will remove the stems that come out of the two or three main stems that we want to leave on the plant. This will promote ventilation and improve light access. We will also remove the leaves that are not in good condition or that may present diseases.

Pruning

Pruning can be a useful practice to improve the conditions of the plant, especially if it is grown in a greenhouse. Pruning will favor the aeration of the plants and make them more vigorous and produce better fruits. I encourage you to read more about in these guides and manuals on pruning .

Tutored

The stems of the plant are not particularly resistant and strong, therefore the tutoring is one of the tasks that we must carry out during the cultivation of the pepper to keep the plant straight. There are many different tutorials that we can put into practice, check out these tutoring examples .

Pests

The most common pests that can appear during pepper cultivation are caterpillars , nematodeswhitefliesred mites (especially when there are high temperatures with low humidity and / or excess nitrogen in the cultivation land),  aphids. , thrips  and mealybug  (when there are medium / high temperatures and high humidity). See how to prevent and fight pests in an ecological way .

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