Gardening

Pests in Spring: 15 Effective Ecological and Home Remedies

Do you have pests in your vegetable garden or garden?

We propose 15 Home and Ecological Remedies for the most common pests in spring in orchards and gardens: aphids, mealybugs, thrips, spider mites, slugs or limacos and snails .

Pests can slow down the growth of plants, spoil flowers and fruits and if they become serious they can cause the death of plants. If we do not implement ecological solutions to control pests in the orchard or garden, these can be a real headache.

We also advise you which organic seeds to use , the best planters, growing boxes and tables for your garden and essential books to learn everything about organic gardening .

At first, remedies are applied to combat the plague in question, but later we will have to analyze the possible reasons why the plague has arisen. On many occasions, not practicing crop rotations, fertilizing or fertilizing excessively, poor soil structure or management, excess or insufficient water, monoculture or the lack of natural predators are among some of the factors that can trigger the appearance of pests in our plants. That is, with observation and the acquisition of experience little by little we can learn to prevent pests in the garden or garden to a great extent.

I am going to share with you the ecological home remedies that have been most useful to me to combat typical spring pests.

15 effective ecological remedies for pests in spring

1- Ecological remedies for aphid infestation

These aphids can be green, yellow, or black in color. Sometimes we can suspect that there is an aphid infestation because we begin to notice an excessive presence of ants. Aphids excrete a honeydew on plants that attracts ants. If the pest is serious or persists over time, it can cause very serious damage to leaves, flowers and fruits.

To combat aphid pests you can use:

  • Soapy water :

Dilute 1 tablespoon of neutral liquid soap in a liter of water. Spray on affected plants 4 times a week at the end of the day for 2 weeks in a row. Let it rest for a week and then apply 3 times over the next week.

  • Garlic infusion .

Take 2 heads of garlic, crushed and unpeeled and add them to a pot or saucepan in which you have 4 liters of boiling water. Cover and boil for 5 minutes. Then we let it rest between 6 and 8 hours. Strain and dilute 1 part of infusion for 2 of water. Spray on plants late in the day 3 times a week for 2 weeks in a row. Let it rest for a week and then apply 3 more times during the following week.

  • Wormwood infusion .

Bring 2 liters of water to a boil. When it comes to a boil, add 500 g of fresh wormwood or 200 g of dry wormwood. Cover and simmer for another 10 minutes over low heat. Remove from the heat and let it rest for 6 hours. Strain and dilute one part of the infusion by two of water. It is applied the same as in the previous cases: with spray 3 times a week at the end of the day for two weeks in a row. It rests for a week and then reapplies for another week.

  • Nettle infusion .

Heat 3 liters of water and when it starts to boil add 400 g of fresh nettle or 200 g of dried nettle. Cover and boil 10 minutes. Then we let it rest for 8 hours. Strain and dilute one part of the infusion with another of water. Apply 4 times a week for two weeks in a row, always at the end of the day. Rest for a week and then reapply for another week.

  • Rue infusion .

In a large pot or saucepan heat 3 liters of water. When it starts to boil, add 150 grams of fresh rue leaves or 70 grams if you use the dried plant. Cover and boil for 10 minutes and then let it rest for 6 hours. Strain, dilute the rue infusion in equal parts with water and spray it on the infested plants 4 times a week for two weeks in a row. Let it rest for a week and repeat again for another week. Apply in the late afternoon.

You have more ecological remedies for aphid infestation

2- Ecological remedies for mealybug infestation

Another very common pest during spring both in orchards and gardens. In the case of aphids, we associated them with the appearance of ants. In the case of the cochineal plague, we associate it with the appearance of a disease caused by a fungus called bold.

For mealybug pests we can use:

  • Soapy water .
  • Wormwood infusion .
  • Fern infusion .

It is very effective against mealybug pests. Heat 2 liters of water. When it comes to a boil, add 400 g of fresh fern or 200 g of dried fern. Cover and simmer for 10 minutes over low heat. Then we let it rest for 6 hours, strain it and dilute one part of the infusion with another of water. Spray late in the day 3 or 4 times a week for 2 weeks in a row. It is rested the following week and then reapplied 3 or 4 times over the next week.

  • Sage infusion .

Bring 3 liters of water to a boil. When it comes to a boil, add 180 grams of fresh sage or 90 g of dried sage. Cover and simmer for 10 more minutes over low heat. Remove from the heat and let it rest for 6 to 8 hours. Strain and dilute in equal parts with water. Spray 3 or 4 times a week for 2 weeks in a row. Let it rest for a week and reapply for a week plus another 3 or 4 times. Apply the treatment in the late afternoon.

  • White oil .

Mix 400 ml of vegetable oil with 50 ml of neutral soap and shake well to mix evenly before using. Apply by spray, pouring 15 ml of the white oil mixture for each liter of water. It is used 3 times a week for two weeks in a row, rested for one week and reapplied three more times during the following week. Use in the late afternoon. Store the white oil in a cool, dark area and it will last for two months.

3- Ecological remedies for thrips plague

Thrips are a very common pest in spring. Both in orchards and gardens and even indoor plants, it is easy for thrips to proliferate at some point until they become plague and cause damage to plants.

For thrips pests we can use:

  • Soapy water .
  • Garlic infusion .
  • Onion infusion .

Heat 3 liters of water. When it comes to a boil, add two medium crushed unpeeled onions. Cover and boil for 15 minutes. Then it is removed from the heat and left to rest for 8 hours. Before applying with spray, dilute 1 part of infusion by two of water. Apply 3 times a week for two weeks, rest for a week and reapply 3 times during the remaining week. Always apply in the late afternoon.

  • Elderberry infusion .

In a large pot or saucepan heat 4 liters of water. When it comes to a boil, add 300 grams of fresh elderberry hours or 150 g of dried leaves. Cover and boil for 10 more minutes. Remove from the heat and let it rest for 6 hours. Strain and dilute one part of the infusion by two of water. Spray 3 times a week for two weeks in a row. Rest the third week and reapply the fourth week another 3 times. It is always used in the late afternoon.

More information on thrips plague .

4- Ecological remedies for spider mite infestation

The spider mite is actually a mite, and it is one of the most common pests in both urban and country gardens. They are tiny and most of the time we won’t even be able to see them. But what we will see will be its delicate spider webs among the foliage, flowers and fruits of our plants. Like the vast majority of pests, they prefer to be on the underside of leaves.

For spider mite pests we can use:

  • Soapy water .
  • Wormwood infusion .
  • Nettle infusion .
  • Basil infusion .

Heat 3 liters of water. When it comes to a boil, add 400 grams of fresh basil leaf or 200 g of dried plant. Cover and simmer over low heat for 5 minutes. Remove from the heat and let it rest for 8 hours. Dilute one part of the infusion by one part of water and apply with a spray 3 or 4 times a week for 2 weeks in a row. Then take a week off and reapply 3 or 4 times over the next week. Always apply in the late afternoon.

  • Infusion of coriander or coriander .

The same amounts are used and it is applied the same as in the case of the basil infusion.

More articles on organic garden .

5- Ecological remedies for plague of slugs or slugs and snails

Slugs or slugs and snails can devour our plants in a single night. They especially love young shoots and buds.

For slug and snail pests we can:

  • Pick them up one by one by hand (use gloves).
  • Beer traps .

Small bowls or containers with beer are placed in areas with some humidity and semi-hidden where we know that snails and slugs can access.

  • Sand, gravel, sawdust, or eggshells .

Placing some of these materials around the plants that we want to protect makes it difficult for snails and slugs to move. Put a layer of about 40 cm wide of dry materials such as sand, gravel, sawdust, eggshells, sugar, pineapple, ash or coffee grounds.

  • Diatomaceous earth .

Diatomaceous earth is easy to use and very effective for snail and slug pests. It is used as indicated on the package.

  • Garlic infusion .

You have much more information available on snail and slug pests .

Regardless of the type of plague that occurs in your garden or garden, the first thing is to remove the parts of the affected plant before applying the remedies.

It is also advisable to start with home remedies for “milder” and simpler pests as a first option and be consistent with the treatment .

 

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