Gardening

Planting types

There are several types of sowing that will be more or less indicated depending on the type of seeds that we sow, their precocity, the time of year, etc. To get the seeds to germinate and obtain results, we must take into account some basic data:

  • If the substrate in which we have prepared the seedlings is caked, there is little air circulation or it has excess water (fungi would also appear), it will make it difficult for the seed to germinate.
  • Some seeds only germinate if they are sown radicle down.
  • In general, many of the seeds are sown to a depth that is equal to their diameter.
  • The seeds can last for a certain time (depending on the type of seed) due to the nutrient reserves it has, but if the seed is sown too deep, the seed could die because it would not have enough time for the cotyledons to develop (leaves) that go outside and can begin to produce photosynthesis and grow.
  • Perform several different types of sowing to be able to see what sowing time has gone better for you with one or another seed. In your garden notebook, record how deep you have sown the seeds and the results you have obtained according to how deep each seed was.
  • If you have obtained the seeds in an exchange, find out well about all the details and especially the care it needs so that it can germinate correctly.

Direct sowing in the field

Direct sowing in the field is carried out when it is the natural time of sowing, that is, when the conditions in terms of temperature are ideal for the growth of the plant.

Before sowing directly in the ground, we will have prepared the ground by eliminating spontaneous plants, stones and aerating the first 40 or 50 cm deep so that the soil is more spongy and does not become caked. In addition, the earth must have a certain degree of humidity.

Once the land is prepared, we can sow in several ways, three of those ways are:

Sowing in holes : in this type of planting, what is done is digging small holes at regular distances and at a depth that will depend on the seeds. Few seeds are sown per hole and later covered with the rake. Then it is watered lightly.

Sowing in furrows or in line : it consists of making superficial furrows, which we can do with a rectangular piece of wood or even using the handle of any of the tools that we use. It is important to leave a minimum of space between the lines, that is why we will take into account the dimensions that the plant reaches when it is adult. When we have the furrows made, we are putting the seeds. Then it is covered with the rake and watered carefully so that the water does not wash away the seeds.

Broadcast seeding : it is usually used with annual plants. The seeds are thrown on the surface and then covered with a thin layer of soil, leveled with the rake and watered. We must avoid putting too many seeds because there could be too much competition between the plants.

Protected sowing in seedbeds

This type of sowing gives some protection to the seeds so that they can germinate better than if they did it directly in the ground and when the seedlings are strong enough and have a suitable size they are transplanted to the ground.

In the seedbeds it can also be sown broadcast and in line, then the seeds are lightly covered and covered with a glass or opaque lid.

In addition, there are alveolated trays with different shapes and sizes to adapt to the different sizes of seeds. These trays are very interesting because they facilitate the work of transplanting and the seedlings suffer less. One or more seeds can be placed in each alveolus.

It is important that, regardless of the type of planting, we always place labels to know what variety we have sown and on what date we did it. We will also record it in our garden notebook.

Sowing at the most suitable time (see the sowing calendar ) or providing the conditions indicated for the germination of the seeds is of vital importance, because the seed only germinates and develops when the ideal conditions of temperature and humidity are given so that the plant can survive.

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