Gardening

Plants of the iridaceae family

The iridaceae comprise more than 2000 species grouped into 66 genera. This family is made up of herbaceous, perennial and bulbous plants distributed throughout the world. In this post, I will share with you 3 plants from the iridaceae family . Take note!

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Gladiolus (Gladiolus gandavensis Van Houtte)

The Gladiolus gandavensis , also known as Gladiolus , is a bulbous plant with an erect stem from 0.6 to 1.2 meters in height, belonging to the Iridaceae family. Perfect for the garden, suitable for cutting.

It has linear leaves and very tight to the stem; large flowers, gathered in a unilateral inflorescence. Pink, white, red, yellow, purple varieties, which bloom in summer.

Provide a loose, fertile and slightly acidic soil; peat substrate, river surf and black soil, as well as direct sunlight; a humid atmosphere and abundant watering, every two days.

On the other hand, it uses 300 g of bone meal in spring every square meter, and propagates per bulb planted in spring. This plant is little affected by parasitic causes and does not have resistance to cold.

 

Freesia (Fresia refracta)

The Fresia refracted , also known as Fresia, is a plant with solid bulb, covered by a fibrous tunic, 20 or 40 cm, belonging to the family of the Iridaceae and South African origin. Perfect for the garden, balcony and flower pot.

It has narrow, long, dark green leaves, 15 centimeters long; large, bell-shaped flowers, 4 cm long, gathered in inflorescence, varied colors, which bloom in summer.

Provide deep, loose, fertile soil with sand, river surf, and black soil, as well as direct sunlight; and one irrigation every three days during budding and flowering, then suspended.

On the other hand, it uses 300 grams of bone meal per square meter, and propagates by bulbs planted in mid-winter. This plant is little affected by parasitic causes and does not tolerate frost.

Lily (Germanic Iris)

 

The Iris germanica , also known as lily , is a perennial herb provided a creeping rhizome which can reach 60 to 90 cm high. belonging to the family of the iridaceae and of European origin. Perfect for the garden and balcony.

It has ribbons 45 cm long by 1.5 to 3 cm wide, erect and light green in color; large scented flowers in number from 3 to 6, purple or violet in spontaneous forms. White, yellow, pink and bluish in the form of cultivated hybrids, with a crest of yellow hairs at the base. Flowering time late winter to early summer.

Provide it with a calcareous, fertile soil without stagnation of water, as well as direct sunlight; a dry atmosphere, and little watering, every week during flowering and every 30 days the rest of the year.

On the other hand, it uses bone meal per square meter of flowerbed in autumn and spring, and 50 g of complete fertilizer per half square at the beginning of flowering, and propagates by rhizome division in summer. This plant tolerates frost and is affected by rhizome rot, avoid wet or waterlogged soils.

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