Gardening

Shrubs in the organic garden

The shrubs can be very important part in the organic garden . In addition, being woody plants, they are usually relatively easy to maintain, and fulfill several important functions, some of them are:

  • They improve and favor the development of other plants in the garden
  • They act as a barrier or wall of protection against cold winds from the north
  • Shelter auxiliary fauna
  • They favor biodiversity
  • They create microclimates
  • They can be used to delimit areas or make corridors
  • Provide shade
  • They also offer us fruits and flowers, which attract pollinators.

The most favorable thing, if you do not have experience with shrubs, is to start with native varieties , so it will be easier to avoid problems such as diseases , pests , poor adaptation to the climate , etc. But surely the experience is very positive.

One of the techniques in permaculture is to use different heights to create self-sustaining and self-regulating systems, in which we have to intervene as little as possible, and the bushes are part of this technique. They are even part of the so-called Edible Forests

 

Some shrubs and their fruits

Sloes , from prunus spinosa , are bluish fruits that we can use to make jams, cakes, drinks, etc. This shrub can perfectly withstand temperatures below -5ºC, although it is more delicate at high temperatures. It can be both in full sun and in semi-shade. Although it prefers basic soils, you can also grow it in neutral or acidic soils. We can reproduce it by seeds or stakes.

Blackberries or blackberries, rubus ulmifolius , are very nutritious and we can eat them as is or include them in recipes for desserts or sweets. This shrub grows well in virtually any type of soil. It likes to be in full sun, humidity and temperate climates. It reproduces with some ease by stakes and layers.

Honeysuckle , lonicera caprifolium , we can reproduce them by seeds, cuttings, layers or cuttings. They tend to adapt to any type of soil, they like deep and humid soils, endure the cold and grow better in shade or semi-shade. Although its fruits are poisonous, other parts of honeysuckle are used that have medicinal properties

Raspberries,  rubus idaeus , have thorny branches, similar to blackberries, which grows well in neutral and acidic soils. It does not like being in full sun and develops very well in a semi-pump, very resistant to both low and high temperatures. We can reproduce it by seeds, cuttings or layers.

Rose hip , Rosa canina , can grow in all types of soils, it needs well-drained and humid soils, it can grow in mountains and at very low temperatures (-10). We can reproduce it by seeds, cuttings or layers. Its fruits are highly valued for their nutritional and medicinal properties.

Rosemary , rosmarinus officinalis , adapts to all types of soil, prefers soils that are well drained and although it likes warm and mild climates, it is able to withstand low temperatures. Likes to be in full sun. We can reproduce it by seeds and more easily by cuttings. Rosemary is prized for its multitude of medicinal applications .

 

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