Gardening

Some common mistakes when working the garden soil

 

There are mistakes that are made very frequently during the cultivation of vegetables in the organic garden , especially when we are learning and experimenting as the tasks to be carried out arise.

Some errors are salvageable and do not have serious consequences for crops, but there are others that can cause damage both immediately and in the long term and will hinder the development and proper growth of plants, and will also give us more work.

The most common mistakes when working the garden land

For better performance and to maximize the work we do in the garden, it is advisable to start by fertilizing, digging a little to mix the fertilizer with the soil and aerate it. We will also take the opportunity to break up and crumble the large clods of earth, eliminate the annual and spontaneous plants and remove the stones. Then we will equalize the surface with the rake.

If we are going to plant short-cycle vegetables, digging 20 or 30 cm deep is enough, and for the rest of the vegetables we will do it up to 50 cm deep.

Aerating the soil helps the soil is not so caked, is aerated and drained and without water stagnations and thus the roots will be able to develop better by having convenient aeration and drainage.

One of the most typical mistakes is to bury the roots and aerial parts of the plants that we have grown before or of the spontaneous plants that have grown. The consequences of this innocent action can lead to pest and disease problems when you least expect it. The problem can arise because the remains of previous crops can have diseases, fungi and other parasites that we will be leaving on the ground, and when we sow and have the right conditions to develop they will.

All plant debris from previous crops, as well as “weeds” or spontaneous plants can be incorporated into the compost pile .

Another important aspect that we must take into account when planning the garden is to avoid the accumulation of water (either by rain or by irrigation) in the same points. That is why it is interesting to create a certain degree of inclination so that the water has an escape and the roots of the plants do not rot.

It is also very common that, in direct sowing , the seed is sown at an excessive depth. This minimizes the chances that the seeds can germinate and sprout because they are not strong enough to reach the surface. Sowing the seed at a distance equal to its diameter is sufficient. Nor should we compact the land excessively or go overboard with irrigation. It requires constant humidity, but without excesses.

A very typical mistake is not applying a layer of mulch or mulch . It is very easy to apply and saves us a lot of water and other tasks such as eliminating non-cultivated plants that can grow spontaneously. With the mulch, moisture is kept in the soil and prevents damage to the roots, both from excessive heat and from low temperatures.

And, of course, make sure that you use correctly the tools that you will need for each task in the garden.

 

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