Tasks of the Ecological Garden in November

November is a month that is marked by rain and cold, we also have fewer hours of light. One of the most important tasks will be to protect the plants from the first frosts so that they can continue to develop. We can do this with mulching , that is, padding or covering the soil with materials such as straw or pinnace and thus prevent frost from causing damage to the roots of the plants.

But it is also necessary to know and apply other systems to protect crops against hail, frost and wind.

During November we will reduce the irrigation, although it is important to be vigilant and make sure that the crops receive the necessary water, since the weather can be unstable and it may not rain as much as one could expect.

It is a good time to clean up the terraces in which we will cultivate later, when the soil is damp we will take advantage of it to aerate it and de-compact it, remove the adventitious and the remains of the crops that have remained from the summer and that we can use as green manure or add them to the compost .   Then we fertilize to improve the fertility of the land for the next crops.

In November we try not to sow or transplant on the coldest days, because the plants are still very small and vulnerable, and can be damaged by frost.

During this month we can harvest:

  • Pumpkins
  • Carrots
  • Green beans
  • Chard
  • Lombarda
  • Romanesco
  • Endive
  • Leeks
  • Cabbage
  • Potatoes
  • Onions
  • Celery
  • Beet
  • Thistles
  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli
  • Swede
  • Parsley, …

During November we can sow:

  • Endive
  • Cabbages .
  • Beans .
  • Garlics .
  • Nabizas
  • Peas :.
  • Lentils .
  • Cilantro
  • Leeks .
  • Spinach .
  • Lettuce
  • Cabbage
  • Celery .
  • Cauliflower
  • Radishes .
  • Arugula
  • Borage


An advantage of autumn and winter is that many of the insects that can attack the crops are not present, so they give us time to plan and design the garden based on possible pests or diseases that we have suffered. Remember that the greater diversity of vegetables and medicinal and aromatic we have in the garden, the more possibilities we have to avoid pests, since we create an ecosystem that is self-regulating.

Although most pests should not concern us, we must pay special attention to the cabbage caterpillar and fungi such as mildew or powdery mildew that proliferate easily when there is humidity and mild temperatures.

Ah! And for you to enjoy harvested vegetables, here are these delicious recipes

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