Gardening

The best flowers for a winter garden and how to grow them

Cold-climate flowers should be cultivated in the early autumn and until the end of winter, so that they have enough time to overwinter, fill the edges of the beds and bloom in an appropriate way. You should look for resistant plants and choose the best ones so that your garden will be stunning next spring. Of the best flowers for a winter garden, the following stand out:

Marigold (Calendula officinalis)

Calendula is also known as a garden wonder, has the scientific name of Calendula officinalis and belongs to the Asteraceae family. Its flowers  are yellow or orange in color and are very similar to daisies, however, they have more petals. It is a plant widely used in the decoration and composition of a vase or flower bed and this completely transforms the beauty of a garden .

This flower must be planted in a place that has good sun exposure and its cultivated land must be properly fertilized. It should be noted that Calendula is tolerant to the cold and must be constantly watered to grow in a natural way.

Candytuft (Iberis Amara, L.)

Candytuft is an annual herb that bears the scientific name of Iberis Amara, L. and belongs to the Brassicaceae family. These plants lose their aerial part during the coldest months of the year, however, in early spring, the stems and leaves start to reproduce very quickly. This flower grows about 40 centimeters in height, has long, narrow leaves and its flowers are white, purple, red, pink and violet.

Candytuft is a very resistant plant, since it can withstand low temperatures, however, it must be planted outdoors, in a place with good sun exposure and must be watered regularly. The cultivated land must be well drained and fertilized for the flower to grow in a healthy way.

Cineraria

Cineraria is a perennial plant that adds an intense color to the dark and shadowy corners of a garden. This plant has the scientific name of Senecio douglasii, belongs to the Asteraceae family and grows about 60 centimeters in height. Its flowers are white, pink, purple-red, blue and purple and can result in combinations with a very interesting effect.

Cineraria needs to be grown in a place with partial or total shade and must be constantly watered. It should be noted that the cultivated soil must be rich in nutrients and, as such, needs to be well drained and fertilized.

Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum)

Cyclamen is a plant that has an annual life cycle, has the scientific name of Cyclamen persicum and belongs to the Primulaceae family. It is one of the most commercialized and used plants in the composition and ornamentation of a given space. It can be used outside or inside a house, as its beauty and delicacy give enormous sensuality and sophistication to all types of environments. Its foliage is very decorative and acquires a dark green hue with lighter spots. On the other hand, its flowers have different colors, including white, red, pink, salmon and other types of combinations.

Keep in mind that Ciclame must be grown in a soil rich in organic matter and must be watered frequently so that its leaves and flowers always maintain a beautiful and stunning appearance.

English Daisy (Bellis perennis)

The English Daisy has several associated names, such as Bonina, Common Daisy, Evergreen, Daisy, Little Boy, Bonita, Daisy-of-meadows, among others and this is because this is a plant known worldwide for its medicinal properties and ornamental. It is a herbaceous, floriferous and perennial plant that belongs to the Asteraceae family.

The English Daisy has green, fleshy leaves, with sawn edges and arranged in a basal rosette. Its inflorescences emerge above the foliage and are of the chapter type, with petals in white or red nuances and a bright yellow center. Its flowers have strong stems and are quite durable, lending itself as a cut flower, in the composition of arrangements and bouquets . This plant must be grown under full sun or in places with partial shade, in a fertile soil, well drained and enriched with organic matter.

Erica (Leptospermum scoparium)

Erica has the scientific name Leptospermum scoparium, belongs to the Myrtaceae family and originates in New Zealand and Australia. It is an  erect shrub that has a delicate and graceful aspect and is very flowery. Its texture is semi-woody and its branches are very branched. This is a perennial plant with aromatic greyish green leaves and white, red or pink flowers.

Erica can be planted in pots or in garden soil and is also highly appreciated in the art of bonsai , as its leaves and flowers are small. It does not get along with tropical heat and to be cultivated successfully, it needs a fertile soil, rich in organic matter and needs to be watered regularly.

Hellebore

Heléboro belongs to a botanical genus that contains more than 20 species of resistant and deciduous perennials and, despite being cultivated for its ornamental value, it is also an excellent cut flower and of long duration.

To grow in a healthy way, this flower needs to stay in a shady place and have a moist, well-drained and fertile soil. Note that these plants should be grown 30 to 40 centimeters apart.

All varieties of hellebore should be in a protected and sheltered position, as cold winter winds can cause emergent damage to flower buds and their leaves.

Icelandic Poppy (Papaver nudicaule)

Icelandic Poppy is a perennial plant that has the scientific name of Papaver nudicaule and is often found in the subpolar regions of northern Europe and North America. They are white, yellow, pink, salmon and orange wild flowers and can grow about 30 to 60 centimeters in height. It should be noted that all parts of this plant are susceptible to being poisonous, since they contain toxic components, such as the alkaloid.

Icelandic poppy needs direct sunlight and must be watered regularly to grow properly. On the other hand, the cultivated land must be well drained and rich in humus, and all types of organic fertilizers can be applied .

Nemesia

Nemésia is a herbaceous and flowering plant that has several different colors. It is an annual plant that presents a small size, with about 30 to 40 centimeters in height, and is ideal to be planted in a vase or flower bed in a garden. Nemesia must be cultivated under full sun, in a fertile, well-drained soil, enriched with organic matter and must be constantly irrigated.

Ornamental kale (Brassica oleraceae acephala)

Ornamental kale has the scientific name Brassica oleraceae acephala, belongs to the Brassicaceae family and is a flower that has a biennial life cycle. It is a perennial plant with a short stem, with leaves arranged in a rosette and has a low size (about 20 to 30 centimeters in height). The leaves are large, rounded, fringed and have rough edges, the outer ones are bluish-green and the center ones can be white, pink or purple.

Ornamental kale has a very decorative foliage and that is why it is widely used in the cultivation and decoration of an indoor or outdoor space. It should be grown under full sun or half shade, in a well-drained soil rich in organic matter. It also needs to be irrigated regularly and stands out from the others for being very resistant to frosts that are felt during the winter season.

Primula

Primrose is a herbaceous and flowering plant that comes from China and is widely used in interior decoration. It is a perennial plant that has no stem and its size does not exceed 30 centimeters in height. Its leaves are simple and rounded, have toothed margins and are arranged in rosettes with long petioles. Primroses are very fragrant and have various shades, such as pink, purple, red, orange, salmon and white. They are flowers widely used in the ornamentation of a porch, pergola or balcony and combine very well with orchids.

The evening primrose should be in a place that offers partial shade and should be grown in a fertile, well-drained and nutrient-rich land. Note that this plant does not tolerate frost and should not be over watered.

Lion’s mouth (Antirrhinum majus)

The lion’s mouth has the scientific name of Antirrhinum majus and belongs to the Plantaginaceae family. This plant is widely used in pots and beds, as well as cut flower. It is a herbaceous plant with small, lanceolate leaves; its flowers have a huge diversity of colors. The flowers are formed in late winter and early spring and have a special shape that gave rise to the popular name of this plant. To successfully plant a lion’s mouth, it is necessary to properly prepare the farmland, make it rich in nutrients and water it properly.

Maritime malcomy

Malcomia maritime is an annual plant that belongs to the Brassicaceae family. It is a plant that is originally from Greece and is widely used in the ornamentation of interior and exterior spaces. They are very fragrant flowers that grow about 30 to 90 centimeters in height and are available in white, pink, red, violet, blue, yellow, among other types of combinations. Malcomia maritime is considered one of the easiest plants to be cultivated and, in order to flower correctly, it needs to be planted in a shady place and have a fertile and well-drained land.

Winter Jasmine

Winter Jasmine is also known as poet’s jasmine and belongs to the Oleaceae family. It is a perennial plant, with a semi-herbaceous texture, very branched and fast growing and became known for the perfume of its flowers. It is a vine with reddish branches, lance-shaped green leaves and flowers with 5 petals. It is indicated to cover arbors, columns, porches, walls, trellises and railings and must be placed in places of traffic or rest so that its fragrance is used to the maximum.

Winter Jasmine should be grown under full sun, in fertile soil, drained and enriched with organic matter. The watering must be done in a regular way and need maintenance pruning to grow in a healthy way.

Gardens pansy

The Pansy of the gardens is a perennial herbaceous that belongs to the Violaceae family and is one of the most popular plants in the constitution of an outdoor space. Its flowers are small and delicate and have a huge variety of colors, such as yellow, blue, purple, white, pink and brown. It should be noted that this plant has a dark green branch, is very fragile and delicate.

In order to successfully cultivate garden pansies, it is necessary to plant them in a place with a great sun exposure. Note that the soil needs to be well fertilized and irrigated in a convenient way for the plants to be strong and consistent.

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