Gardening

These are the best medicinal plants

In nature there are endless herbs and medicinal plants with different properties. These have been used since ancient times with different objectives: as a natural remedy to relieve pain, cure diseases, as a food supplement, and ultimately to maintain a healthy body and good health.

Of these innumerable medicinal or therapeutic plants, some have stood out for their benefits and properties. We have carried out a thorough search of the studies that have been carried out with medicinal plants and we have come to the conclusion that there are 5 medicinal plants that deserve to be in the first positions of the best medicinal plants because their extensive action has been proven. medicinal.

The 5 best medicinal plants

medicinal plants

5. Dandelion

Also known as bitter chicory, amargon, cerraja, taraxacón, moraja, chipule, buttercup, lechuguilla and scientifically named Taraxacum Officinale .

Dandelion is a herb with multiple benefits and both its leaves and roots are used to make an infusion with them. Put a teaspoon of the dried plant in a cup and add 200 ml of very hot water. Cover and let stand 5 minutes. Then it is strained and drunk little by little when the infusion is at room temperature.

The most notable component of its root is inulin, which has a diuretic effect and its leaves include the presence of latex, flavonoids, coumarins, vitamins B and C. It has cleansing properties both in the liver and in the kidneys, therefore which is recommended in people with kidney and gallstones .

It acts as a choleretic and has benefits in the digestive system, being used as a remedy for constipation . It also stimulates the appetite. In addition, dandelion is considered a mild osmotic laxative and a mild hypoglycemic agent, so those who take insulin, lithium or another supplement to lower glucose levels should be careful with their use. 1,2 .

On the other hand, it is used as a background treatment for skin diseases such as acne, eczema, furunculosis, among others.

Dandelion can be ingested as an infusion, tonic, tincture, root juice, or used topically 1,2 . Some people also add dandelion leaves along with other foods in recipes such as salads or as a substitute for coffee and others as a treatment for cancer and viral infections, however, there is no accurate scientific information on these last two applications.

All these properties and its few adverse effects make this herb an ally to consider.

4. Lavender

Also known as lavender and scientifically known as Lavandula angustifol Miller.

It is a commonly known plant and not in vain, since it has numerous beneficial health properties.

Lavender is used for its flowering tops and is used as:

  • Choleretic: stimulates the production of bile
  • Carminative: favors the elimination of gases or flatulence
  • Cholagogue: activates the expulsion of bile from the gallbladder with a purgative effect.
  • Digestive: to relieve digestive disorders
  • Respiratory and urinary tract antiseptic: eliminating microbes.
  • Spasmolytic: reduces seizures or spasms.
  • Analgesic: reduces or eliminates pain.
  • Sedative: relaxes and calms nerves and anxiety.
  • Healing: accelerating the healing of wounds on the skin.

Lavender (in essential oil) has also been shown to be effective when applied topically to soothe rheumatic pain, treat sprains, dislocations, ulcers , infected wounds and burns, however, this last application is controversial, which is why it is contraindicated. use of its oil when there are extensive open wounds, acute skin diseases, high fever or severe infections.

We remember that, like the rest of medicinal plants, including their essential oils, its use is not recommended in pregnant women, since there are applications such as emmenagogue and abortifacient, although there is little information in this regard. 3.4

3. Chamomile

Needless to say, it is one of the best known and most used plants in the world, since it is used in many natural remedies due to its good properties and its few adverse effects.

A chamomile also know with other popular names like botoncillo and scientifically called Matricaria chamomilla L .

This plant, from which its small white flowers are used, helps in the treatment of digestive problems, due to its antispasmodic, carmitive and anti-inflammatory action. And it is precisely because of its anti-inflammatory action that chamomile is used by women to relieve menstrual symptoms naturally.

In children (use under the supervision of a pediatrician) this medicinal herb is used to calm digestive colic and is very useful in people who suffer from flatulence. Additionally, chamomile is effective as a nerve painkiller due to its mildly sedating effect.

It is used externally for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiseptic and healing action, relieves itchy skin and redness, serves to treat blepharitis, conjunctivitis and wound cleaning .

On the other hand, chamomile is used for food to prepare aromatic frozen drinks, alone or in combination with other herbs or products such as milk and in the cosmetic industry for both hair and skin and serves as a remedy against dandruff 1,5 , 6 .

¿ How chamomile is used ? In medicinal recipes we find it in the form of compresses and plasters when applied externally and locally and in the form of an infusion when used internally.

For all this, whether after a meal to alleviate indigestion symptoms or in a relaxing bath, this medicinal herb is a natural remedy that should be in our green medicine cabinet.

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2. Calendula

Also known as mercadela, wonder, warbler and scientifically called Calendula Officinalis .

Marigold flowers are used for medicinal purposes.

What is calendula for ? It is very beneficial to alleviate skin conditions and symptoms of gastritis or heartburn , since it has antiseptic, parasiticidal, astringent, fungicidal, antibiotic, healing, anti-inflammatory effects, helps fight flatulence, stimulates bile production, sweating and cleans the blood.

It is a beneficial plant for women, since it acts as a regulator of the menstrual cycle . It serves as a home remedy to relieve and treat baby burns, diaper rashes, bumps, ulcers, warts, fungi, insect bites and reptile bites . Some people use it in tumors.

Due to its many benefits, calendula is widely used in the cosmetic industry for the production of shampoos, ointments, soaps and facial creams.

In addition, it is used in salad recipes and as a coloring for cookies, candies and liqueurs 1,5,6 .

Due to its natural origin, it has few contraindications, and its use should be regulated because it produces insomnia and irritability if it is consumed excessively and people with heart problems should also moderate its use 6 .

1. Aloe Vera or Aloe Vera

In the first position we have Aloe Vera, also popularly known as aloe and scientifically known as Aloe barbadensis miller , a common plant in tropical areas that has multiple beneficial properties for our body, due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic power.

Aloe vera is widely used in skin lesions , mainly for its emollient and softening effect. Its crystals have been confirmed to have vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, C, E and folic acid. It also contains minerals, essential amino acids and polysaccharides that stimulate tissue growth and cell regeneration .

Externally, aloe is used to heal wounds, as a disinfectant and astringent , and has been shown to stimulate fibroblast reproduction in tissue cultures. It is capable of modulating the inflammatory processes caused by bacteria. It also reduces the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome in women.

Due to its astringent and analgesic effect, it is used externally to treat sprains, strains, muscle aches, blows , among others.

In addition, aloe vera or aloe has the ability to reduce the effects of allergies, indigestion, heartburn, gastritis, duodenal and stomach ulcers, eye ulcers, hemorrhoids , it is antiviral and has been associated with cancer treatments.

It is for all these virtues that we place aloe vera or aloe in the first position of our list of the best medicinal plants .

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References

  1. https://www.fademur.es/_documentos/ponencias/Ponencia_Fademur_farmacia_OK.pdf
  2. file: /// C: /Users/Usuario/Downloads/Dialnet-Fisioterapia-202438.pdf
  3. https://redsa.com.mx/descargas/fichastecnicas/lavanda.pdf
  4. file: /// C: /Users/Usuario/Downloads/Lavanda%20-Ficha.pdf
  5. Orchard manual med 2010
  6. https://libros.secretosparacontar.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/los_secretos_de_las_platas.pdf
  7. file: /// C: /Users/Usuario/Downloads/Dialnet-SabilaAloeVera-4956300.pdf
  8. https://www.nutribiota.net/blog/media/blogs/alimentos/aloe/estudiossobreelaloevera.pdf
  9. https://www.medigraphic.com/pdfs/vertientes/vre-2011/vre112a.pdf

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