Gardening

Tips for using the bicycle correctly

THE BIKE 

In every vehicle it is essential, and sometimes mandatory, a periodic review of the state of its elements to guarantee its correct operation and to be able to circulate in total safety.

In the case of the bicycle, the main points to check are the condition of the tires, wheels, brakes, lighting systems, clearances of the different bearings (especially steering), correct height of the saddle and handlebar.

In addition, it is more than advisable to have a minimum equipment to deal with the most common breakdown: the puncture. To do this, it is necessary to carry a pump or inflator (adapted to the type of valve available on the wheels), one or two spare tubes (or failing that, a box of patches), tire removers and a suitable wrench to loosen the tires. frame wheels.

It also does not hurt to carry spare bulbs or batteries for the headlight and the taillight, at least when driving at night.

SAFETY 

The helmet.

Its use must be automated and fully integrated into each and every one of the outputs, and must be set correctly.

correct helmet position

 The ringer.

As in other areas, common sense should prevail and the bell should be used only if necessary.

 Be seen.

During twilight (at dawn and dusk) or at night, in addition to using the lighting and making sure that the reflectors of the bicycles are in perfect condition, the need and obligation to use some reflective element in the clothing should be emphasized. to be able to warn other people.

 The rule of safety in maneuvers.

To perform any maneuver, it is necessary to learn and memorize the following four steps:

• Observe whether the circumstances of the traffic (other vehicles, pedestrians …) and the road (signs, obstacles …) allow the change to be made.

• Visibly signal the new address in advance.

• Check the lack of risk to carry out the maneuver.

• Finally maneuver decisively.

THE NORMATIVE 

It should be remembered that the bicycle is a vehicle, and as such is subject to traffic and road safety regulations. It is very important that this is understood and accepted, important for your safety and that of those around you.

Therefore, it is advisable to respect all the messages of the traffic signs: traffic lights, crossroads, roundabouts …, as well as to strengthen the sections indicated below:

• In general, avoid unduly hindering circulation or causing unnecessary danger or inconvenience to people.

• It is necessary to drive with diligence and caution avoiding reckless behavior. This type of conduct is considered very serious offenses.

• The maximum BAC is 0.25 milligrams per liter in exhaled air and anyone who drives a bicycle is required to undergo the mandatory test.

• The use of the approved protective helmet is mandatory on interurban roads, being advisable to use it on all types of roads, also urban and terrain.

• Driving using headphones connected to sound receivers or players as well as the use of a mobile phone is prohibited.

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HOW THE MANEUVERS ARE PERFORMED 

Incorporation to the road

Before starting off or joining the traffic, check, looking back, that other vehicles are not approaching or that they are far enough away.

 Warnings

Bicycles, like other vehicles, must warn of the maneuvers to be carried out in good time.

turn to the right Turn to the right:

There are two options to signal the turn to the right:

• Raise the left arm horizontally to shoulder height and form a 90º angle with the forearm.

• Raise the right arm completely horizontal.

 

turn to the left Turn to the left:

Raise the left arm horizontally and parallel to the ground, palm down.

 

Changes of direction

change direction via double direction If it is intended to make the change on a two-way road where it is allowed, the bicycle must adhere to the longitudinal separation or median mark, and if this does not exist, it must not invade the area destined to travel in the opposite direction.

change direction interurban roads On interurban roads, and if there is no conditioned lane to make the U-turn, the bicycle should be placed on the right, off the road whenever possible, and start the maneuver from that place.

 

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HOW TO MOVE THROUGH CITY 

• Where there is a bike lane, its use by bicycles is mandatory. In these cases, it is not possible to drive on the road.

• When there is no bike lane, you must circulate on the right side of the road, along the hard shoulder. It is allowed to do it off the shoulder when it is impracticable, but you will have to drive as close as possible to the right side.

• The entrance to the road must always be done after observing that there is no vehicle that could (or could be) in the way when carrying out the maneuver.

• To access the road, it will be necessary to wait for the conditions to be adequate, taking into account the speed and position of the vehicles that are already on it and / or those that intend to join the circulation in the same section.

• When accessing a street other than the one you have been using, brake to observe the new conditions.

• Traffic regulations do not allow cycling on sidewalks. In them you will have to take the bicycle by the hand, walking. If you walk on the sidewalk with your bicycle in hand, be careful not to bring it too close to pedestrians.

• Just as other vehicles must respect bicycles for being weaker, they must also respect pedestrians. A clear example is the crossing of zebra crossings, where pedestrians have preference.

• We do not have to wait until the last moment to warn a pedestrian of our presence, and if we see that they can cross our path, we should moderate our speed until it matches yours.

• If you are driving on a street with vehicles parked on the right, to avoid unpleasant surprises, such as opening a car door, always drive in a straight line.

Driving in the city may seem easy, but really danger lurks at any moment if you don’t pay a little attention:

• Badly assembled culverts and gratings.

• On resurfaced streets, sometimes dangerous side steps appear.

• Obstacles such as cars that are going to leave a parking lot, opening doors in parked cars, buses starting from their stop or pedestrians crossing where they should not. The best solution is attention when driving.

HOW TO MOVE ON THE ROAD

• When there is a bike lane, its use by cyclists is mandatory. In these cases, it is not possible to drive on the road, not even on the shoulder of the road.

• When there is no proper path for cyclists, you must circulate on the right side of the road, along the shoulder. It is allowed to do it off the shoulder when it is impracticable, but you will have to drive as close as possible to the right side.

• It is prohibited to circulate on motorways or highways (although there may be exceptions for the latter) because bicycles cannot legally reach the minimum speed required to circulate on them.

• If for any reason you have to walk with your bicycle hand in hand along the edge of the road, in the absence of a sidewalk, it will be done on the right, unlike pedestrians who must do so on the left.

• The maximum speed at which a bicycle can circulate on interurban roads is 45 km / h.

• The entrance to the road must always be done after observing that there is no vehicle that could (or could be) in the way when carrying out the maneuver.

• To access the road, it will be necessary to wait for the conditions to be adequate taking into account the speed and position of the vehicles that are already on it and / or those that intend to join the circulation in the same section.

HOW TO RIDE IN THE COUNTRYSIDE AND THE MOUNTAIN 

The biggest difference between driving on the road and doing it on tracks or dirt roads is the lower grip that these surfaces offer. Thus, it will have to be taken into account both in ascents and descents.

The thicker the tire, the lower the pressure can be brought, thus the greater the comfort. It is also not advisable to keep the pressure too low, since pinching punctures can occur, characteristic of seeing two small holes almost close together in the chamber.

Although it may seem fun, crossing streams on the bike is dangerous if you do not see the bottom, and also the bearings and other parts of the bicycle suffer unnecessarily.

It is convenient to respect a series of rules of conduct in the countryside, different from those in the urban environment:

• Respect private property. The field also has its owners, although sometimes it does not seem like it.

• Always use the roads. Shortcuts erode the terrain, plus it may belong to someone.

• Do not chase away animals and try to go unnoticed.

• Do not soil the field. Take home everything that has been brought. Nothing more and nothing less.

• If it is necessary to open some gates, close them immediately after passing to prevent the cattle from leaving.

HOW TO BRAKE EFFECTIVELY 

The most effective brake is the front one. Although there is always the dreaded risk of somersaulting from heavy use, the bike brakes in less space by properly using both front and rear brakes. You must brake with determination and force enough to stop in the safe space, but without blocking any of the wheels.

Likewise, to avoid the blocking of any of the wheels, the ideal is to brake “impulse”, that is, intermittently pressing the lever (tighten-loosen-tighten-loosen …) with more or less force as you need to reduce speed or even stop.

It is best to brake when driving in a straight line. In this way the bicycle will be in an upright position and the maximum rubber surface of the tires will be resting on the road surface. Keep in mind that the more inclined the bicycle is on the asphalt, the more inclined the wheels will be, so the amount of “rubber” in contact will be less and, therefore, the risk of skidding on both wheels will also increase.

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WHAT TO DO BEFORE THE BACHES 

Although there is no exact rule to avoid falling into a pothole or tripping over an obstacle on the ground, experience can help us. Avoid looking at a point close to the front wheel. In addition, as cycling experts often say, “if you constantly look at a pothole, eventually you fall into it.” The best way to avoid this mishap is, once the hole is identified, raise your eyes from the ground and, keeping your gaze farther away, gently dodge it with the movement on the handlebar.

If there is no other choice and you are going to go over a pothole or an obstacle in the road, it is best to hold the handlebar firmly and adopt a cushioning position with your body (arms hunched down and standing on the pedals with your legs bent) .

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