Gardening

Trips, how to prevent and combat this pest in an ecological way

Thrips plague? Thrips , Thysanoptera , a very small yellow (when they are larvae) and dark (when they are adults) sucking winged insects that can measure between 1 and 3 mm. Thrips pests are very common, mainly in greenhouses, during spring and summer, since they proliferate better in environments with hot temperatures and dry climates.

Thrips pests can occur in crops of tomatoes, aubergines, onions, stone fruit trees, citrus, vine, alfalfa, tobacco, cotton, ornamental and indoor plants, etc. Thrips are one of the most common pests in orchards and gardens . .

For the Thrips population to proliferate and become a pest, a dry and warm environment is necessary. They can also appear both in outdoor and indoor plants and in ornamental and horticultural plants.

What damage can Thrips cause in plants?

Thrips can cause damage to both horticultural plants and fruit trees in the garden and ornamental plants in the garden. By feeding on the sap of the plant, when the Thrips are in large numbers they can affect the vitality of the plant

But the biggest problem with Thrips is that they can also transmit serious diseases by viruses, so it is convenient to prevent and combat their plague effectively.

The Thrips are usually located mainly on the underside of the leaves, although they can also be on the flowers and fruits. Because they have wings, they can move very easily between plants and quickly spread to other crops.

Thrips plague symptoms

These insects feed on the sap of plants and can produce:

Deformity and pallor in the leaves and affected fruits.

Silver spots on leaves, flowers and fruits.

They prevent the flowers from fully opening and wilt.

The general growth of the plant is reduced and the development of the fruits stops, being these smaller than normal.

Fall of leaves and fruits in case the pest persists.

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How to prevent Thrips pests

Periodically observe the state of the plants. In addition to the Thrips, most of the pest insects are located on the underside of the leaves, try to have this area well controlled.

Crop rotation is a practice that you must carry out, it will not only help you prevent pests but also get more out of the nutrients in the farmland.

Eliminate leaves, branches, fruits or flowers that are not in good condition.

Plant in your garden or garden repellent plants of Thrips like

The natural predators of the Thrips such as lacewings and ladybugs or vaquitas.

Excess nitrogen can contribute to Thrips infestation. The use of synthetic fertilizers can lead to the appearance of pests. Try to use organic fertilizers and do not abuse nitrogen. Schedule crop rotations well

Maintain an optimal humidity level. Moisture repels Thrips and limits their population. If this is at 60% it will be more difficult for the Thrips to survive.

Avoid monocultures because it is easier for pests to appear and persist than in polycultures.

How to combat the plague of Thrips in the organic garden or garden

>> Ladybugs or vaquitas and lacewings are natural predators of Thrips.

>> With homemade onion and garlic maceration  we can combat Trips in an ecological and effective way.

>> Potassium soap is another option to eliminate Thrips pests. You can see how to make it here .

>> The blue colored adhesive chromatic traps are also widely used for this type of pests and are useful to combat Thrips. They are sheets of paper on which the Trips stick and can be found in garden centers and online.

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