Vertical gardens

What are vertical gardens

The growing success of vertical gardens derives from a great problem, which afflicts above all those who live in city apartments and buildings: the space available. Often we find ourselves having only a balcony or a terrace which, however large they may be, will never be able to offer sufficient space for the optimal development of many vegetables, especially those with long extension; on other occasions there is only an atrium or a small space outside the front door. The use of vertical gardens allows you to optimize the space available and enhance your green thumb despite excessive growth lengths. To create vertical gardensthe classic containers used in cultivation must be arranged vertically, mostly vases, even if over time very creative alternative solutions have spread; the vases or containers chosen should be placed on different shelves, to make the most of not only the horizontal space, but also the vertical one.

What to plant in vertical gardens

Before creating vertical gardens, it is advisable to evaluate which types of vegetables are most suitable. As for tomatoes, of which the most disparate species really exist, you can opt for the types that grow in width and still maintain a fairly small extension; an idea may be to grow climbing tomatoes, which can be planted at the base of the vertical vegetable garden and grown adjacent to a wall or to the structure of the garden itself. More generally, all climbing species, such as courgettes and pumpkins, can be used in these ways, but being careful that they do not hinder or take away light from other vegetables: a few examples of climbing plants must be chosen, compared to bushy or low ones. Perennial vegetables, such as artichokes and asparagus, should be avoided, as they require more care and periodic repottings, offering a relatively low productivity; among the perennials, on the other hand, rosemary can be planted, whose showy growth in height can be contained with frequent pruning and not too laborious measures.

The equipment to look after the gardens

The management of vertical gardens is quite simple and intuitive and, at the same time, does not require the use of tools that are difficult to find. The first essential object is, of course, a watering can: there are many types, from those in plastic, resistant and practical, to those refined and elegant in galvanized material; each type of plant needs different watering methods, a detail to evaluate before irrigating your plants, or even before choosing which ones to graft: plants that need to be watered on the leaves need a watering can with a large diffuser and very holes thin, while the plants that require only a well humidified soil can be irrigated with a tool without the characteristic rain diffuser. The discussion regarding the other tools to be used is simpler: as regards the pots, the wide range to choose from offers solutions suitable for every kind of plant; finally, for soil maintenance you can use an iron shovel, to handle the soil, and an iron rake, also in iron, to level the soil and carry out small weeding.

Vertical gardens: The configurations

The first recommended solution is the one that uses wooden, plastic, iron shelves on which to place the jars; it is important to expose the structure to the sun, to ensure the right amount of light, also providing for the finding of saucers for each container and with sheets or waxes, to prevent possible water leaks from damaging the surfaces. For those who do not want to build DIY vertical gardens, there are containers already assembled, practical and comfortable. A more recent system is the PET tree vertical, which uses plastic bottles and containers to put plants and soil in; in this case the irrigation system is very original, as it foresees that the water given to the pots at the top drains through the outlet holes, going to diffuse into the underlying pots. Similar to the PET tree vertical are the planters and cascading containers, with columns that, again, let the water flow into the underlying planters, thanks to a network of pot holders fixed to the wall or to other supports. Finally, the wooden pallets and platforms that the warehouses do not reuse can be reused, merging gardening and recycling.

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