Vetch is a plant that adapts very well to the Mediterranean climate. It is capable of stifling the onset of major weeds. Vetch is used as a crop to alternate with cereal crops. It also represents an excellent forage for farms, given the large amount of protein and the ease of livestock to digest it. As for the irrigation of the plant, it is advisable to avoid excessive stagnation of water, as they are poorly tolerated by the plant and can cause irreparable damage, especially to the root system. For this reason, the water supplies provided by winter precipitations are more than sufficient. In the case of a particularly hot and little rainy winter, it will be necessary to irrigate. In this case it is necessary to take into account the extension of the field to be irrigated. It is advisable to use specific machinery for the irrigation of herbaceous and cereal crops.

How to grow it

The vetch does not require special care from an operational point of view, at least during cultivation. The bulk of the work, in fact, must be done before starting cultivation. Before proceeding with the sowing of the vetch, it is recommended to prepare the soil carefully. First of all it is advisable to refine the soil as much as possible, especially on the surface, so as to favor the burying of the seeds. Subsequently, it is recommended to level and make the ground uniform, trying to avoid the formation of bumps and depressions, which cause puddles and water stagnation. As for sowing, when possible it is recommended to carry it out mechanically, so as to spread the seed more evenly. The most suitable periods for sowing are autumn in areas with milder winters;


Vetch is a crop that is itself used as a fertilizer. For this reason, fertilizations are not strictly necessary, moreover it adapts to all types of soil. However, if you want to give support to the crop, you can make fertilizations. It is recommended to carry out these fertilizations only in the initial phase of planting the crop, using only products containing phosphorus and potassium. Furthermore, during the soil preparation phase, if desired, organic fertilizers or manure can be used in order to enrich the soil more. In case you decide to use manure, you need to make sure it is ripe, as otherwise it could damage the root system of the vetch.

Vetch: Diseases and remedies

The vetch is a fairly resistant plant and little subject to particular pathologies. Despite this, in some cases some pathologies may arise. Among these, the most widespread and common are downy mildew, rust and white sickness. These problems are mostly linked to excessive humidity and considerable water stagnation. Therefore, if in the pre-planting phase the soil has been worked and arranged correctly, these problems can be safely avoided. In the event that these pathologies occur, it is necessary to intervene promptly, since these are problems capable of irreparably compromising the crop. To combat late blight and rust it is recommended to use copper-based products. As for the mal bianco it is necessary to resort to a sulfur-based fungicide. In any case, it is advisable to request the intervention and advice of an expert in the sector, as delays or errors in intervention can cause the total destruction of the crop.

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