What to do to your garden in spring

A garden diary is a widely used tool to document the successes or failures that occur in planting and maintaining a garden throughout all seasons. In this sense, organize a complete and detailed work program and know what you should do to your garden as soon as the spring season arrives.

The importance of a garden diary

The diary of a garden shows the specific maintenance tasks that must be carried out in a particular garden , namely how to care for specific flowers and vegetables, plant seeds on the ground or deal with certain pests or plant diseases . In the same way that an instruction manual for a car assists the driver in case of any difficulty or breakdown, the garden diary shows how to overcome any kind of setback, as long as it is well documented. Thus, it is extremely important that you start writing your garden diary to find out what works should be done in future springs.

The production schedule for a garden

Throughout the year there are numerous tasks that all gardeners perform in maintaining a garden, such as seedlings, preparing the land , cultivating new plants , purchasing fertilizers, preventing the appearance of insects and rodents, cutting grass and tree branches and another series of mandatory tasks that make a garden always in great condition. Thus, it is essential that a gardener establishes a monthly production program so that nothing is ever missing in a garden and that all tasks are carried out in a timely and successful manner.

Tasks that must be performed in March (Northern Hemisphere) or September (Southern Hemisphere)

Spring is the season that begins with the end of winter. In the Southern Hemisphere, spring begins on September 23 and ends on December 21; in the Northern Hemisphere, this season begins on March 22 and ends on June 21. Therefore, to properly care for your garden in March (Northern Hemisphere) or September (Southern Hemisphere), you must comply with the following aspects:

Start making indoor seedlings

The month of March (Northern Hemisphere) or September (Southern Hemisphere) is the ideal time to start seedlings indoors, such as marigold, poppy corn, corn flower, sunflower, marigolds, zinias, lupins, among others. Gardeners use specific seed kits that are available in nurseries, specialty garden stores and online stores or develop private home containers to make their seedlings. Regardless of the method you choose, you should make sure that seedlings of the inner seeds begin during the month of March (Northern Hemisphere) or September (Southern Hemisphere). If the seeds are resistant (information available on the back of the sales package), they can be placed directly outside, however,

Mowing the lawn and taller plants

You should mow the lawn and the tallest plants in your garden, as it is natural that they have been neglected in the coldest winter months. Therefore, the lawn must be cut at a height of 7 to 7.5 centimeters and the grass must always be trimmed. On the other hand, you should prune the rose bushes, shrubs and any type of climbing plants that make up your outdoor space. The beginning of spring is a flowering season and, as such, your garden needs to have a renewed image, however, keep in mind that it is still too early to start sowing plants outdoors.

Clean the total area of ​​a garden

This height is ideal for cleaning the entire area of ​​a garden and getting rid of any leaves that have fallen from the trees . Bear in mind that it is not enough to cover your garden with organic fertilizer to make the soil rich in nutrients, before that it is essential to clean it properly. On the other hand, you should also wash all the decorative stones in your garden, so that they look stunning and match the beauty of your outdoor space.

Fertilize the land of flowers in bulb

Depending on the region, the daffodils and other bulbous flowers that were planted in the fall, bloom in early spring. As soon as the leaves start to appear on the surface, it is necessary to fertilize the soil in the most appropriate way, so that the flowers grow in a healthy and natural way.

Tasks that must be performed in April (Northern Hemisphere) or October (Southern Hemisphere)

In the month of April (Northern Hemisphere) or October (Southern Hemisphere), the tasks of maintaining a garden require extra attention, since it is necessary to comply with the tasks scheduled for that month and, at the same time, observe those that were carried out in the previous month. Therefore, it is essential to continue planting seeds indoors and continue to prune trees and shrubs in the garden.

Planting shrubs or perennials

The month of April (Northern Hemisphere) or October (Southern Hemisphere) is the ideal month for planting shrubs and perennials , because, at this time, the soils are at the most suitable pH levels for this type of plant develop. Please note that this month some perennials can be divided as they age, such as yellow daisy (rudbeckia hirta), aster and shasta daisy.

Care to take into account the weather conditions

At this time, the popular proverb “In April, thousand waters”, used in the Northern Hemisphere continues to make perfect sense, given that the month of April is known for its strong winds and violent storms. That way, you must protect your flowers and vines in the best possible way against adverse weather conditions, so that the plants keep their natural beauty intact. On the other hand, if soil temperatures allow, you can grow sunflowers on the soil in your garden.

Tasks that must be performed in the month of May (Northern Hemisphere) or November (Southern Hemisphere)

The tasks for the month of May (Northern Hemisphere) or November (Southern Hemisphere) are meaningless if those for March (September in the Southern Hemisphere) and April (October in the Southern Hemisphere) are not completed. If so, then you should do the following work:

Caring for the maintenance of your garden

In May (Northern Hemisphere) or November (Southern Hemisphere) you should continue with gardening work in your outdoor space, such as seedlings of plant seeds and pruning of the main trees and shrubs. On the other hand, you should walk through your garden and see if there are overcrowded areas or plants that overlap and cover others. If this happens, it is necessary to cut the respective plants or transplant them to another location, so that they all have the necessary luminosity to be able to develop. Please note that you should check the pH levels in the soil and make any adjustments that you consider necessary to keep them normal.

Growing new plants

During this period you should plant hydrangeas , fuchsias and other shrubs that do well with a warmer climate. Make sure the new plants have room to grow and check if there are any pests or diseases that are affecting their development. On the other hand, you should add protections against rabbits and chickens, in order to protect the integrity and well-being of your plants. Finally, don’t forget to write down all the steps taken in your garden diary, in order to have all the information available for the next spring.

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