Work on the garden in spring

The garden in spring

Passionate gardeners always await the end of winter with trepidation… they can’t wait to admire the flowering of new plants that will give new harmony to the spaces, mixing with the essences that were already present. However, we must also get back on the road: cleaning up residues, pruning, fertilizing are just some of the priority tasks. Here they are analyzed in more detail.

Cleaning and fertilizing the garden in spring

At the end of winter the soil is almost always hard and dry on the surface, impenetrable to water and poorly ventilated. It is also likely that there are still many residues, resulting from the mulching or drying of the perennial herbaceous plants. To “awaken” the garden it is important to remove these layers with a rake. Once the surface is free we can move on to fertilization and incorporation of the organic substance distributed in the autumn (if we have not done so we can still proceed). We continue by distributing a good amount of slow release fertilizer and “breaking” the surface, turning it slightly, with the help of a manual hoe.

If there are acidophiles, it is good to distribute iron sulphate or a large dose of coniferous needles.

Spring plants

If the temperatures remain cool it is still possible to plant shrubs, perhaps following them with more attention and not skimping on irrigation. It is also a good time to introduce perennial herbaceous plants and ornamental grasses, especially if they are sensitive to cold or water stagnation: they will have a whole year to develop the root system, stabilizing, before having to face the bad season again.

Then it’s time to think about the summer borders: between March and April we can insert the bulbs that will bloom in the hottest months. We buy and plant lilies, dahlias, gladioli, agapants, crocosmias… At the same time we clean the flower beds from the leaves and stems of the spring bulbous plants that have now faded, but always wait for them to be completely dry.

Pruning and prevention of plant diseases

The best time for pruning is just when you come out of winter. To obtain the best results in terms of regrowth and flowering, it is good to intervene when we are sure that no more consistent frosts will occur, but without waiting for strong rises in temperature. Of course it is good to follow a specific technique for each subject, remembering however that, at this time, it is good not to intervene on those plants that bloom on the branches produced in previous years (instead, we must wait for the summer).

At the beginning of the season (pre-flowering) it is possible to do a treatment with a systemic insecticide or, if we want to prevent cochineal and spider mite, with activated mineral oil. The fight against cryptogams also begins: it is always a good cup of copper, especially disinfecting pruning cuttings.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba