Xanthosoma, a beautiful ornamental foliage plant

The Xanthosoma is prized for its ornamental foliage species rather than its typical flowers, which only arise from time to time. The only species that is grown as a houseplant is Xanthosoma lindenii. Its leaves are bluish green in the shape of an arrow, and its veins are well accentuated with a silvery white color. There is another variety that is similar but has yellowish green leaves and cream-colored veins.

Xanthosoma care in spring and summer

Transplant the Xanthosoma every three years in late February , when the tubers start to get tight. Choose a wide planter to accommodate it and drill drainage holes. Make use of a soil-based compost and plant the Xanthosoma and firm it well.

Until April, water the plant enough to prevent the compost from drying out completely; Starting in May, increase the amount and add a liquid fertilizer to the water every three weeks until fall.

Keep the plant in the shade, so that the full sun is never exposed, and keep the temperature at 27 ° C, in summer; increase it from 21 ° C in February. Xanthosoma is a plant that appreciates a certain humidity and, for this reason, it is an excellent idea to spray it once or twice a week to keep the leaves clean. Make sure to provide excellent air circulation, but avoid cold drafts. The plant will not produce flowers until after three to four years.

Xanthosoma care in fall and winter

In order for the plants to develop well, they need temperatures between 16 and 24 ° C in autumn until November. From then on, you can allow temperatures to drop to 13 ° C until winter, planting time. Just keep the compost wet. On brighter days, make sure the room is well ventilated and spray your plants.


Xanthosoma is propagated in spring , dividing the rhizome into parts, either by cutting them or by pulling each of the tubers from the main rhizome. Make sure that each part has its growing point and be careful to coat each of the cuts on the surface of the tubers with powdered sulfur. Plant each of the sections in a 3 cm pot using regular compost. Keep it moist and in the shade at a temperature of 24 ° C. When the tubers have rooted, treat them like mature plants.

Image courtesy of  HTBG , all rights reserved.

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