Bonsai styles

History and styles of Bonsai

Bonsai plants are certainly very particular; they instill tranquility and taking care of them and cultivating them reduces stress and increases creativity, the care and maintenance of a Bonsai being considered art. This art has Japanese origins, whose people learned the technique from the Chinese, perfecting it and making it unique. Each plant is a being in itself, it must be cared for with dedication and shaped according to the tastes of those who cultivate it, always respecting the nature and shapes of the plant. There are different styles of Bonsai, below we list the most famous: upright, sloping, windswept, cascading and with roots on the rock. The erect follows the «conifer» style, that is straight and defined trunk and branches that gradually shorten up to the top, keeping the same distance from the stem. The inclined, as the word itself says, tends to have the stem directed to the right or left. The windswept one has branches that are elongated on one side only, as if subject to continuous gusts of wind. Cascading is when the plant grows downward, while in the roots-on-rock style, the roots are clinging to a rock that emerges from the soil.

Indoor Bonsai List

If you are going to grow a Bonsai, you must first choose the place to place it and adjust accordingly. If you have chosen an indoor location, your attention must be shifted to these plants: Tree of Pepper, Blachia, Buxus, Carmona, Crassula, Cycas, Ficus, Ligustrum, Loropetalum, Murraya, Olmo, Podocarpus, Sageretia, Schefflera Arboricola, Serissa, Syzygium and Zelkova. Of all those listed, Crassula, which is a succulent plant, is perhaps the one that requires less care. For the rest, almost all Bonsai love well-lit places, which guarantee air circulation. Pruning certainly has a fundamental role in the development of a Bonsai, which serves to give shape to the Bonsai but also to «force» it to grow in miniature and to adapt to the pot that hosts it. That’s why, about once a year, the Bonsai must be extracted from the pot and with great care the larger roots must be pruned to the detriment of the smaller ones; by pruning the roots, the plant will be forced to make new ones, smaller ones, and adapt to grow in miniature.

Bonsai, watering

Bonsai plants are very demanding regarding watering, which must therefore be regular. Many immerse the Bonsai, including the pot, in a container or tub for a few minutes, then let it drain to avoid water stagnation which could cause root rot. Especially in summer, always keep the substrate humid and, where possible, lightly spray the leaves with non-calcareous water. Very important is the time in which watering is carried out; in summer it is recommended to water in the evening or in the morning, thus avoiding the hottest hours. In winter, on the other hand, avoid the evening or early morning, preferring the late morning or early afternoon. Generally there is a tendency to always keep the substrate always humid, which can lead to the formation of moss, which in any case is not bad for the plant.

Bonsai styles: Bonsai styles, tips

Shaping a Bonsai following one of the styles listed above requires technique and knowledge. To follow the erect style, typical of conifers, you need to develop the trunk in a linear way and then prune the branches equally on both sides, following a sort of proportion that will lead to a plant with longer branches at the base and that as they get shorter to the top. The inclined style, on the other hand, implies a pruning of the roots that form on the opposite side to the direction of the inclination, in order to allow the roots that support the inclined trunk to grow stronger and more robust. For the cascade style, much deeper knowledge and techniques are required in relation to all the other styles that we have presented so far; in practice the trunk is forced to grow with an inclination of 45-90 ° and then the branches are modeled, but unfortunately it is not so simple. In the style of roots on the rock, you must choose a Bonsai that is still young and with fairly long roots, so as to cling to the rock and make them end up in the substrate, taking care not to damage the roots and to leave the rock visible.

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