Bonsai

Elm bonsai

Elm bonsai

Elm parviflora, more commonly known as Chinese elm, is among the most cultivated bonsai for ornamental purposes. Native to the entire Asian continent, it belongs to the Ulmaceae family. It is characterized by the compactness of the numerous ramifications and foliage, moreover, it does not require excessive attention and can be cultivated even by the most inexperienced. Usually the Elm bonsai is a plant that adapts to living in indoor and sheltered environments but in temperate climatic contexts it can also be placed outside in cool and shady areas. The small leaves grow compact, deciduous or semi evergreen, are oval in shape and deep green in color. Aesthetically elegant, these versatile specimens endure the usual maintenance interventions, such as pruning, topping and repotting very well.

Elm bonsai cultivation techniques


Among the most cultivated varieties, Elm bonsai is characterized by its aesthetic elegance and the simplicity of cultivation. In fact, it is a plant resistant to animal and plant parasites. It requires a humid and well-lit microclimate, especially during the resumption of the vegetative period. In winter it must be protected from cold currents, it fears winter temperatures and above all frosts, while in spring and summer, the Elm bonsai can be placed outside, in cool places and not exposed to direct sunlight. Irrigation must be regular and periodic but it is advisable to check that the soil has completely dried before watering again. The saucer can be filled with gravel or clay to be able to maintain the right degree of humidity in the air.

Elm pruning bonsai


Pruning is a fundamental operation for the care and cultivation of Elm bonsai. The best period to intervene is during the vegetative rest, at the beginning or at the end of the winter season, this with regard to the formation pruning that gives the plant the desired shape. In addition, other maintenance pruning can be done to keep the growth of the foliage in order. Using small sharp shears and clean blades it is possible to intervene to eliminate the branches that develop too high and for the opposing and double branches. It is advisable to dress the wounds with healing and antiparasitic powder or with mastic. During the vegetation period, with stapling and topping it is possible to correct the setting and shape of the

Fertilization and repotting of the elm bonsai


For a luxuriant growth of the Elm bonsai it is advisable to administer all the nutritional supplements that the plant needs through fertilization. Starting in spring, reducing during the warmer months and recovering at the end of summer, throughout the fall. The ideal is a liquid fertilizer, complete with potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus to be diluted in periodic watering, it helps the development of the branches and the emission of the foliage. Be careful not to exceed the recommended doses. Every year it is advisable to repot the Elm bonsai, the intervention must be carried out during the annual vegetative rest. It is necessary to prune the root system abundantly, at least one third, before transplanting the plant into a new container, filled and composed of universal soil, peat and sand.

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