Bonsai

Ficus microcarpa

A kind of bonsai tree that can be used for both interior and exterior decoration is the Ficus microcarpa. It is a tree native to Asia and Oceania that belongs to the Rosaceae family. It has great ornamental value and its care, although somewhat complex, makes it worthwhile.

In this article we are going to teach you the main care of Ficus microcarpa, as well as its main characteristics and the art of bonsai indoors and outdoors.

Main features

The Ficus microcarpa has a rounded crown shape with roots that take on totally curved shapes that attract a lot of attention. The decoration offered in gardens is perfect to combine with other exotic species. The art of bonsai is like having a huge tree but in smaller dimensions. It is worth having to comply with its care to make it decorative in our home.

It is naturally capable of reaching 20 meters in height, as long as the environmental conditions are appropriate. In bonsai version its stature is much smaller. Its main feature that makes it stand out from the rest may be that its trunk has a very smooth texture. The leaves are green and shiny, both round and oval. They can have a maximum size of approximately 10 cm and it is important to monitor them continuously to see the possible appearance of pests and diseases.

To cultivate it there is a perfect time to guarantee the success of its germination and development. Spring is when the sown seed is most successful and it is easier to multiply it. You can sow it in a pot or in the ground. In both it will grow in a healthy way if we take good care of it.

If we want to plant it in a pot, we must bear in mind that it is best to sow it from seed. On the other hand, if we do it from the ground we can also sow it by air layering or by cutting. The cutting is the most used if you do not have good experience in this and we want to speed up the process.

Care of the Ficus microcarpa

We now go on to describe the main care that this plant needs, since its beauty and duration depend on their quality. If we take care of it correctly, it is a tree that can last us between 30 and 100 years.

Climate and soil

These variables to take into account are important in your care. The Ficus microcarpa is a tree growing in a tropical climate naturally. Therefore, it is necessary to have a climate that is similar to yours. Hot environments with sufficient sunlight to guarantee good development.

Nor does it need excessive sunlight, since it can burn the leaves and seriously affect them. If we plant it in an area of ​​the garden where we have some shade at some hours of the day where the sun is more intense, it is advisable to put it there to protect it from the harmful sun rays in summer. If we have placed it in a pot, it is enough to place it in the shade in the strongest hours of sun.

It is quite resistant to drought, so irrigation should not be a problem. The winds are his weakness. Although it can withstand long-lasting gusts without a drop of water, the wind is its biggest problem. If we place it where the wind blows with frequency and intensity, we can make it weaken or die. It also does not support low temperatures for a long time. It must be remembered that it is a plant that comes from a tropical climate where temperatures are usually high most of the time.

As for the soil, it grows effectively in almost any type of soil. However, you need the soil to be fertile, loamy in texture, and well drained for maximum results. If, on the other hand, we have a soil with less quality, it will still be able to continue growing but it may not do so in all its splendor. Drainage is important, we must not let the irrigation water accumulate to prevent the roots from rotting.

Irrigation and pruning

For irrigation, humidity must be taken into account more than the amount of water used in irrigation. We will provide your roots with the balanced moisture it needs to be healthy. Between watering and watering, it must be observed that the surface has dried to water again. You don’t have to let the soil dry out completely for your next watering in any way. This could affect your growth stage where you are more sensitive to different stimuli.

When the proportion of irrigation, light and wind change with the passing of the seasons, this tree tends to react with it. It is possible that its leaves fall because the environmental conditions have changed and the plant interprets it as a change of season. If this happens, in about 15 days it stabilizes again on its own. Do not panic if this happens.

Regarding maintenance tasks, Ficus microcarpa does not tolerate pruning well, since it has a rather slow healing system. In order not to harm your health with pruning, it is better to do them very little by little and more frequently than to do a very large pruning. The best time to carry out these maintenance prunings is in autumn, when the season is beginning. Do not do it in winter, because we would do a lot of damage to it.

Plagues and diseases

The Ficus microcarpa does not usually get sick because it has a high resistance and strength. However, it is possible that, if we have it in the garden, it will be attacked by a plague such as thrips and mealybugs. The thrips usually settle in the Ficus that cause reddish spots on the leaves and if you advance too much, the leaf will bend until it falls.

Mealybugs come out in extremely dry climates. We can avoid this if we do the watering correctly without letting the soil dry out completely.

I hope that with these tips you can enjoy the Ficus microcarpa in bonsai version.

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