Indoor plants

Fern plant

The fern

There are many species of fern plants, many of which are grown in apartments or planted in gardens to decorate them adequately thanks to the particular leaves and bright colors. Ferns are present in many humid and shady areas, it is possible to find them in alpine woods, but also in tropical forests. Ferns have the particularity of having neither leaves nor flowers, they reproduce through spores that are contained in special structures of the plant, the sporangia, which are located in the lower part of the leaf. The species grown in the apartment usually belong to the genera Adiantum, Asplenium or Nephrolepsis. Ferns are able to easily adapt to the living conditions in the apartment, in fact they can be found, even in nature, in places very far from the areas of origin.

Cultivation of ferns


Ferns are plants that have adapted to live in shady places with a good percentage of humidity. In fact, to be able to properly cultivate a fern, proper watering and the right brightness must be taken into account. Ferns prefer shady places, so you must necessarily avoid exposing them in places with direct exposure to sunlight. Ferns are able to grow well even in the absence of light, in fact they have dark foliage when the plant is healthy that tends to lighten if the brightness is excessive. The supply of water is essential for the development of ferns, which prefer places with constant humidity, but which must not be excessive, in fact even in nature they cannot grow near watercourses.

Fern care


The soil in which the fern is grown must always be kept moist, but it must absolutely not be soaked, in fact, like most plants, it fears stagnation that would cause the roots to rot. To ensure the correct humidity, the pot could be placed in a container filled with perlite, lapilli, pumice stone or expanded clay, with a small amount of water, which evaporating manages to provide moisture to the plant. Fertilization should be done every 12 days by adding fertilizer for green plants to the watering water. The fern, being an evergreen plant, does not have a real period of vegetative rest, however it would be advisable not to fertilize when the daily insolation is reduced, because there is still a slowdown in activities.

Fern plant: Tips


Watering should not be too abundant and not even constant over time, but it would be advisable to check the soil to evaluate from time to time how much it has dried, this to prevent too much water from causing problems to the roots, but also to ruin the contributions of substances. nutrients to the plant. Fern plants do not need a real pruning since they do not have flowers, but it would be advisable to periodically remove the various fronds that have dried, cutting them directly at the base of the soil. Fronds that have only dry parts or that are damaged must also be eliminated. This process favors the development of new branches. Very important, if the plant was close to heating, is to periodically vaporize the fronds.

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