Indoor plants

Ficus beniamino

Ficus beniamina

Belonging to the moraceae family, ficus beniamina is native to Asia and Oceania. Although in our latitudes we rarely see it reach the maximum of its growth, in reality it is a tree that can reach even thirty meters in height. Its branches are thin and flexible, while the leaves, of a very intense green, are oval and shiny, as well as being very long, over ten centimeters. The root system of the ficus is very large because it must, moreover, support a stem and a crown of considerable size. It is normally used as a houseplant because it is very beautiful to look at and does not require special attention, but in areas with a mild climate it can also be safely grown as an outdoor plant and planted directly on the ground.

Ficus beniamino cure


The ficus beniamino does not need much care, but there are some operations necessary for its development. If it is grown in pot, which is now very common, remember to repot it in spring, choosing a larger container than the previous one, since the roots tend to expand and therefore need space. It is then necessary to use a soft, slightly acidic and very well drained soil, because water stagnation could be fatal to this plant, although it is very resistant. To facilitate drainage, it is advisable to insert shards on the bottom of the pot, or a little clay in a saucer. The ficus should always be kept in a warm and bright environment, but without direct exposure to sunlight: in summer it can even withstand the heat, as long as the temperature does not exceed thirty degrees.

Ficus beniamino variety


The ficus beniamino is an evergreen plant and exists in many different varieties, many of which are unknown. For this reason, people who go to buy it are often satisfied with the common ficus, because they cannot find the other species or, much more simply, they do not know them. Instead, there are many and they are also very beautiful: the exotica variety has darker leaves than the common ficus and also has evident ribs on them; the golden king has white outlined leaves and gray specks; the naked variety has narrower and irregularly shaped leaves; the mini gold, on the other hand, has much smaller leaves than the norm, as well as having a white border. all these varieties are very rare, for this reason if you want them it is better to look for them in the numerous online plant shops.

Ficus beniamino multiplication and fertilization


The ficus beniamino can be multiplied by cutting, to be carried out in the period from April to August. This operation can be done in two ways: by taking the apex of a branch or a portion of the stem with some leaves. In both cases the cutting is then inserted, removing any remaining leaves, in a specific soil where the root system will develop, formed by peat and sand in the same quantity. As soon as the first green shoots appear, the plant can be removed from the initial container and planted in a normal pot where it will then grow. In spring and summer it is also necessary to fertilize the ficus, once every two weeks; in the cold period, however, fertilization every two months is sufficient. It is necessary to use a liquid fertilizer based on nitrogen and enriched with other components, such as potassium, phosphorus and iron, and should be mixed with the irrigation water. In this regard, in summer two irrigations a week are enough, while in winter it is necessary to give less water and only when the soil is dry. Pruning should be done in spring and only serves to contain the foliage.

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