Indoor plants

Green leaves

Types and characteristics of indoor plants

It does not matter that a garden in the house consists of a few pots on a window sill or of numerous plants for which a large space is reserved. In fact, whatever the number of houseplants placed in the house, they renew and brighten the home environment. Even if you have a garden, don’t give up keeping one or more potted plants at home. The very rich variety of choice of plants for the home (called house plants) is the result of centuries of research, experiments and creations by botanists and gardeners, and increases with each passing year. In the end, the choice depends on personal taste and the availability of space in the house. In fact, we must not forget that a plant grows, and not necessarily the shape and size that a plant possesses at the time of purchase will remain the same over time. Also, consider the care a plant needs, not only to develop and grow in all its glory, but also simply not to die. If you do not have a green thumb, it is better to let go of the more delicate and complicated species.

The most attractive element in a houseplant is the foliage. The shape of the leaves is infinitely varied and can compete with the classic beauty of flowers. They can be lanceolate, ovate or round. The margins of the leaves can also be very different. Some are gently wavy, others finely toothed or lobed. The most characteristic quality of any leaf is its structure. When it comes to houseplants, there are subtle differences in both the structure of the leaves and their shape and size. Few leaves are dull and formless. For example, they can be nearly as thick as they are wide (especially in the case of succulents). A leaf can also curl along its margins or along its entire width or length. Mostly, very rarely the leaves have a really smooth surface: they can be hard, stuck in a row like buttons; wrinkled, due to slight undulations that wrinkle the surface between the ribs; shiny. In practice, the leaves are just as changeable as the plants they grow on.

Green-leaved plants: specific characteristics

The leaf is, by definition, green, but looking at the plants more closely you realize that this is not the case. The decorative aspect of the leaves, in fact, is increased and enhanced by the infinite variations of designs they present. Although there is a green color on any normal living leaf (given by chlorophyll), sometimes there are areas where chlorophyll is not present, and therefore the green color is also missing. The resulting colored design is called “variegated”. In most variegated leaves, the background green is marked by a noticeable pattern in white or silver, gray or cream, gold or yellow. These colors can border the leaf margins, follow the veins, form a transverse pattern, mottle the entire leaf, or they can be restricted to a single area (for example, the central band of the leaf). These differences can be natural and can be maintained through skillful cultivation. Sometimes, however, the coloring is very bright. The richness of the colorful designs is often enhanced by the structure of the leaf, which can blur the contrast of the colors or make them appear more intense.

Green leaves: Plants with green leaves: how to make compositions

You can create a composition of exclusively green leafy plants by grouping a certain number of pots on a window sill in trays, or, in the case of larger plants, on the floor. One of the most aesthetically beautiful solutions is to bring the plants together in a container. The possibilities of composing different plants as desired are endless. The only rule to observe is that the plants to be grouped need the same care and above all that their needs are similar. You cannot put together in the same pot a succulent plant and, for example, a plant that, on the other hand, needs abundant watering. A group can be composed of plants similar to each other, or it can be based for the combination on the colors that harmonize with each other, or on the contrasting shapes and leaves amid plants with brightly variegated leaves for a more subdued contrast.

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