Indoor plants

House plants

House plants: general characteristics

Many plants that we find in modern homes originate in tropical countries; consequently they are unable to adapt to cold temperatures: therefore, it is necessary to avoid keeping them in too cold environments (with temperatures below 12 degrees) or even outdoors in winter. Lighting conditions are also important; the plants need light but in a not too strong and direct way: an excessive exposure to the sun could in fact damage them; the right solution is therefore to place them next to a window, while shielding the sunlight with a curtain. With regard to watering, each plant requires a certain number and frequency: however, remember to always check that there is no stagnant water in the saucer, so as to avoid the formation of mold.

Potted plants

Among the most popular and widespread potted houseplants there is certainly the ficus benjamina, characterized by very shiny dark green leaves: it has a remarkable decorative effect, does not require too much care and can be kept safely even outdoors. The orchid is an indoor plant with flowers of extraordinary beauty: there are several species but the only ones suitable to be grown at home are those of tropical origin because they are more adaptable to high temperatures; they don’t want too much light and need to be vaporized often as they require a high level of humidity. Cyclamen are also characterized by splendid red or pink flowers: in summer they should be watered very often and, since they cannot stand the too dry air, never keep them close to stoves or radiators or expose them too directly to sunlight. The log of happiness, generally a welcome gift on the occasion of various occasions, has a stem with very smooth bark and hard and pointed green leaves: it grows well in cool, well-lit environments and with frequent vaporization.

Climbing plants

The drooping or climbing plants give a graceful touch of green to furniture and shelves: also in this case the variety to choose from is very wide and the care is not excessive. A very common indoor climbing plant is the pothos (or more commonly potos) and it comes from the archipelagos of the Pacific Ocean; what makes it particularly suitable for a home environment is its extraordinary resistance, even in very hot or humid conditions; the leaves are large, shiny and generally oval in shape. Dipladenia is also very popular, above all because during the spring and summer season it produces fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers of various colors (white, pink or red); compared to potos, however, it requires more attention: while in hot periods it can be kept outdoors without problems, in winter it must absolutely be moved indoors because it cannot bear cold temperatures. A very popular climber is also the philodendron, coming from Central America and with heart-shaped or oval-shaped leaves: it gives life to many roots and can also be grown in baskets to be suspended scenographically.

House plants: Plant diseases: prevent and deal with them

Plants in the house are subject to risk factors at least as much as outside: if there is a transition from an open space to an indoor environment, the plant can suffer trauma due to a change in temperature or humidity, which generates a situation of evident malaise for example in the fall of the flowers and leaves, which take on a yellowish color. As already mentioned, many indoor plants come from the Tropics: they therefore require a warm climate, but not dry, indeed as humid as possible; never get them too close to the radiators and never forget to water them regularly (we do not use water that is too rich in limestone). If we keep the plants on the balcony, especially in the winter period, in the evening they must be moved indoors with a certain advance, before the night brings the temperatures to drop in a risky way for their health. If the light is too strong it can burn the plants and the fertilizer distribution must also be regular and suitable for the type of plant. If symptoms of disease occur, preparations rich in vitamins, carbohydrates and amino acids with restorative properties are available on the market.

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