Indoor plants

How to care for orchids

How to care for orchids in the apartment

If you love orchidaceae and want to keep them at home, you need to understand how to care for orchids in an apartment. These are flowers that are now widespread all over the world, even if their origins are tropical. Today, however, there are varieties that grow spontaneously in nature even in the woods of our latitudes, and it is easy to meet them especially in spring. These species in the wild, unfortunately, are very beautiful but would never resist a cultivation in pot inside the house, at most they could do well in a garden. For this reason, you must always buy the right species: the most suitable one to be grown in the apartment is the tropical one. These orchids are therefore used to very hot and humid climates, therefore they are the most likely to adapt to a warm climate all year round.

How to cure orchids from temperatures and humidity

The first aspect to take into account to learn how to care for orchids is the temperature: you must ensure that there are never less than twenty degrees inside the house. It seems obvious that especially in winter our orchid will have to stay inside the house in the warmth, but this is not the only precaution to be observed: another very important thing is in fact the humidity that must always be high in the environment in which the plant. To facilitate this, it is necessary to vaporize the leaves and the stem with demineralized water and then place a saucer under the plant, filled with water and clay or gravel, so that the humidity is maintained without damaging the roots of the orchid. Furthermore, this species should be watered abundantly and frequently, approximately every three days, always avoiding stagnation and irrigating only on dry soil. In the summertime, if air conditioners are used, it is advisable to place a dehumidifier near the plant; in winter, however, it is necessary to avoid that the orchid is near direct heat sources, such as stoves or radiators, and cold air currents, such as doors and windows.

How to care for light and soil orchids

To know how to care for orchids, you must always remember that these flowers need light: tropical species, in particular, live in very bright environments, but mostly in woods and forests, therefore not in direct contact with the sun’s rays. For this reason, in the apartment we must place our orchid near a window, as long as the cold currents do not reach it. In summer, especially if we move the plant outside, it must be kept well protected from the sun which could dry it out in intense heat. The important thing is never to put the orchid in the dark, otherwise it will not develop and will never produce flowers. Orchids prefer soft soils, formed by soil, peat, pieces of bark or fibers, because these plants are epiphytes, that is, the roots do not go too deep because they grow between rocks or tree roots. For the same reason, repotting should only be carried out if the roots come out of the container, a very rare event. Approximately every two weeks, throughout the year, it is necessary to provide the orchid with a specific fertilizer but in modest quantities.

How to care for orchids: the indoor species

In addition to knowing how to care for orchids, you also need to know the most suitable species for living in an apartment, so everything will be easier. The most common species are essentially three: phalaenopsis orchids, dendrobium orchids and cymbidium orchids. The first two prefer the heat, while the third can be planted safely even on the ground in the garden, although it is better to choose a sheltered place for the winter. Phalaenopsis and dendrobium, on the other hand, are more suitable orchids to be grown at home, because they are tropical and therefore love a mild and above all very humid climate. If kept well, these two varieties can last for years and produce excellent flowering for any season; alternatively, there are cattleye and bills,

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