Indoor plants

How to cure an orchid

Treat the orchid according to the temperature

The temperature is the main factor that regulates the orchid’s flowering cycle, it is therefore necessary that there is an adequate temperature according to the species of orchid. Generally, being a plant of tropical origin, the temperature must be warm. Among the most common species of house orchids are the Phalaenopsise orchid and the Dendrobium orchid. These orchids need a warm temperature ranging from 21 ° -24 ° during the day to 14 ° -16 ° at night. This temperature difference is essential to guarantee the plant a period of rest and therefore avoid the vegetation process being continuous. Normally, both Phalaenopsis and Dendrobium are plants that tolerate even very high temperatures, up to 30 ° -35 °, as long as they are protected from any source of direct light. Is critical, furthermore, do not expose apartment orchids to sudden changes in temperature and therefore avoid, for example, exposing them outside, especially during the cold seasons. Being particularly delicate plants, an excessive temperature change could damage them.

Treat the orchid based on the light

Fundamental to the orchid’s life cycle is light, to which the plant must be constantly exposed. In fact, light represents the main factor involved in the photosynthesis process of plants. Consequently, if you don’t have enough natural light, for example during the winter, it is advisable to expose the orchid to an artificial source. However, it must be borne in mind that the exposure must never be direct, in fact the light could damage the leaves of the plant and expose them to the effect of parasites and fungi. In particular, the very thin and dark green leaves are typical of plants that live in shady environments and that need moderate exposure to light. It is also necessary that the natural cycles of light are respected and, therefore,

How to water the orchid

An important factor on which orchid watering depends is the type of soil. It is therefore advisable to inquire at a specialized shop about the permeability of the soil. During the summer the orchid particularly needs water, it must be watered at least twice a week. During the winter, watering can be reduced. The technique commonly used for watering consists in immersing the pot directly in water, preferably rain or demineralized, for about twenty minutes, then making sure that the excess water drips through the holes in the pot. The orchid also needs very humid, typically tropical environments. To promote an adequate level of humidity, a container or saucer containing water can be placed under the vase. In this way, humidity will be guaranteed to the plant thanks to the evaporation of the water, avoiding possible harmful stagnations inside the pot. Another important precaution is the nebulization of the water directly on the leaves, taking care not to wet the flowers and preferring the less hot hours.

How to Care for an Orchid: How to Prune the Orchid

The pruning of the orchid is a fundamental step both to promote the regrowth of damaged or withered stems, and to ensure subsequent flowering. The pruning of the stem must be carried out through clean cuts, after the second node starting from the ground. The nodes are interruptions along the stem, covered by a film generally of a lighter color. In some orchids the flowering process recurs on the already existing stems, consequently pruning is not necessary, on the contrary it can be harmful. It is therefore necessary to be aware of the characteristics of the orchid that you have before intervening with pruning. As for the flowers, after their withering it is advisable to cut them from the peduncle. In general, all the withered parts of the plant must be cut in order to ensure proper regeneration and avoid a useless investment of energy by the plant itself. The roots and leaves are an exception and can only be drunk in case of disease or damage.

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