Indoor plants

How to grow orchids

How to grow orchids

To understand how to grow orchids in the right way, it is good to start knowing some peculiarities. Orchids are the flowers of a botanical family of plants called orchidaceae, which include many varieties of species, some spontaneous, others cultivated. They can have aerial roots called epiphytes, live on trees and through the hanging roots be able to absorb the humidity of the atmosphere. The most widely grown epiphytic orchids are cattleya and vanda. Then there are those called terrestrial, in which the roots sink into the earth, through which they assimilate nutrients. One of the most cultivated terrestrial orchids is Paphiopedilum. Some roots are also called semi-epiphytes, that is, a middle way between the epiphytes and the terrestrial ones, still others underground and semi-aquatic.

The importance of correctly placing the orchid in the house


Learning how to grow orchids indoors is not difficult but you need to know their needs. Accustomed to a bright and humid environment, they are those of tropical origin most present in an apartment. If on the one hand it is true that the orchid prefers bright environments, on the other it does not like to be exposed directly to the sun’s rays. It should be placed behind a window avoiding the drafts caused by the opening, facing south or west, with a not too thick curtain that lets the light filter, in order to guarantee the good health of the plant without risking burning it. It is a good idea to always keep the leaves and flowers free from dust to make the most of all the available light. Avoid low-light environments,

How to maintain the right amount of humidity


Another trick, to learn how to grow orchids in pots, is to try to maintain the natural humidity of the plant. You need to be very careful: too much humidity could cause stains on the precious orchid flowers and too little would cause withered leaves. An effective tactic is to use a saucer, where gravel or expanded clay with little water will be placed inside, which evaporating will help maintain the correct humidity. Spray the orchid leaves every day with non-calcareous water, possibly in the morning to give the plant time to absorb it, thus avoiding the risk of rot. Speaking instead of watering, in winter it will be enough once a week, in the summer from 2 to 4 times. After giving the

The flowering period


The season in which the orchid gives the spectacle of flowering is autumn. Depending on the type of orchid, it looks different. In some species, flowering occurs several times in a single stem, so when the flowers have withered it must be shortened, leaving the nodes with the buds. While for some, once the flowering is over, it will be necessary to cut the now useless stems directly at the base. For the appearance of flowering, the temperature difference plays a very important role, but also a good fertilization based on nitrogen and potassium stimulates the arrival of new flowers. However, it should be remembered that the success of a good flowering derives from the respect of all the needs of the plant: the position to the south or east, a good exposure to light, avoid direct sunlight,

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