Indoor plants

Indoor trees

Indoor trees

These types of shrubs, precisely due to their great adaptability with the home environment, allow you to perfectly recreate a wood or a forest every season of the year. The Aucaria, for example, is a variety of palm that is native to the southern hemisphere but which, despite this, has also found its dimension inside our apartments. It needs a cool climate and filtered and not direct light, a universal type of soil and a specific fertilization for acidophilic plants. The beautiful Ficus elastica can also be grown indoors; native to tropical wetlands, it can reach a maximum of 2/3 meters, has large oval leaves of an intense green color and at the base it can develop aerial roots.

Indoor bonsai

A fascinating crop, also for its origins and its millenary tradition, is that of bonsai also called miniature trees. These sometimes represent a smaller version of the large old trees such as the olive or oak. Indoor bonsai should be placed in a very well-lit environment, adjacent to a window and far from heat sources such as a radiator or fireplace. A very important aspect for the cultivation of these shrubs is the watering which must not be too abundant, to prevent the roots from rotting, nor too scarce, to avoid drying. Pruning is very important and must be done with care and attention to give and preserve the shape of the bonsai and must be done with small scissors.

Diseases houseplants

The effects of pests and diseases of houseplants can be recognized based on the signals the shrub gives us. If brown spots are found on the underside of the leaves we may be in the presence of brown cochineal or mealy cochineal that we can eliminate first with an alcohol wad and then rinse with water and soap. In the event that the leaves have yellow spots, curl up and finally fall, we are probably in the presence of a parasite called red spider. The remedy is to nebulize the leaves to increase the percentage of humidity and thus stop their proliferation. In spring it is advisable to spray with a 0.05% PD 5 solution and against fungi with Orthocid or Follidol / Antracol.

Indoor trees: Pruning indoor trees

Pruning is a very delicate operation applied purely on the branches with the aim of regularizing the flowering, the way of vegetating and the fruiting of the shrubs. There are pruning techniques each with different effects; green pruning when the plant has leaves; dry pruning when the plant is in vegetative rest; production pruning when the plants are still unproductive or when they reach maturity; transplant pruning when carried out on young trees in the transplant phase; sanitation or rejuvenation pruning when performed on sick or old plants for gradual improvement. Furthermore, it is performed extraordinarily for production needs or for space reasons.

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