Indoor plants

Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe, general information and main species

Kalanchoe, belonging to the Crassulaceae family, are a genus of succulent plants (commonly called fat) that has almost 125 species in its family, coming from Africa and Madagascar. Among the main species, that is the most common, we have the Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana, which we will talk about later, the Kalanchoe Uniflora (perennial plant with semi-oval leaves and with red or purple flowers that appear in summer), the Kalanchoe Marmorata (perennial plant whose peculiarity lies in the leaves, succulent and light green, and in the flowers, white) and the Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora (perennial plant with green leaves and particular pink border). Almost all species are perennial plants and almost all flowering but there are also annual or biennial plants or plants that do not produce flowers.

Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana, cure


Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana is one of the most sought after especially as a houseplant thanks to the little care it requires and the graceful flowering. Perennial plant with succulent leaves of dark green color and semi-oval shape, toothed at the edges. It usually blooms in spring, with colorful flowers ranging from red to pink, passing from yellow to white and orange. It usually keeps a not too tall stature, tending instead to widen a little. As already mentioned, it is a perfect plant to grow indoors and requires little care. It likes an “abundant” sun exposure, even in direct contact with sunlight, while paying attention to the hottest hours. It also manages to adapt to suboptimal lighting conditions, but which could penalize flowering especially in the vegetative period. Watering, especially in winter, is to be done when the soil is completely dry. In summer, watering can become more regular, however not exceeding the threshold of one watering per week.

Kalanchoe, fertilization, pruning and repotting


If you want, you can proceed with the fertilization of Kalanchoe using liquid fertilizers to be mixed with the water of normal irrigation in the period from the beginning of spring to the end of summer. Suspend fertilization in autumn and winter. As for pruning, usually for Kalanchoe, dry or burnt leaves are simply removed. Repotting can also be done annually (obviously if necessary), in the period after flowering, using soil for cacti and sand, being careful to favor the drainage of water to avoid annoying water stagnations that can lead the plant to wilt. Before repotting it is advisable to leave the plant without watering for about a week, it is also advisable,

Kalanchoe, multiplication and diseases


Kalanchoes can be propagated by seed or by cuttings. Sowing takes place from February to April. As for the cuttings, they must be taken from the plant in spring, by cutting lengths of stem about 10 cm long. These pieces must be left to dry for a few days, soaking the roots in rooting products (if you want to favor rooting, however not necessary) and then planted in not too large pots using soil for cacti and sand. Being a succulent plant, there should be no major problems in rooting even if you do not use greenhouses or special precautions, it is mostly necessary to maintain a constant temperature and the soil always moist but not soaked. The most common diseases can be caused by excess water,

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