Indoor plants

Maranta

The maranta

Maranta is an equatorial plant, which grows as spontaneous vegetation within the forests of Brazil and Gyana. As such, it is a plant that hardly adapts to cold European winters, but can instead thrive when grown indoors. For this reason, the plant boasts a very wide diffusion and is particularly appreciated. Among its advantages we must mention the rapid growth, which allows you to have a beautiful medium-sized plant in a short time, and also the fact that, if grown at home or in an apartment, it is not too delicate and does not require excessive care. To make the marantaa decorative plant are the splendid leaves that characterize it: this elegant plant, in fact, has large leaves, with mottled pages with dark colored spots that break the bright green base. The maranta also has small white flowers, which are not particularly flashy. A curious feature of this plant is that it raises and collects the leaves in the evening, and then opens them and folds them further down during the day, to better take advantage of the ambient humidity.

Cultivation


Like all equatorial plants, or at least a good part of them, the marantait must be grown in protected areas because it fears the cold winter and exposure to winds. On the contrary, it is a plant that needs humid environments to grow luxuriantly, therefore it does not disdain the periodic nebulization of the leaves, which will be accompanied by frequent watering: this will allow not to overdo the quantities of water at each watering. and to avoid the formation of water stagnation, which could be harmful to the roots. The soil, however, should always be moist: for this you can use a saucer with a layer of clay, which allows the roots to absorb enough water without it remaining too long to permeate the soil. Another enemy can threaten the maranta: it is the sun, that if it hits the plant directly it can damage its leaves. For this reason it is good to keep the maranta plant in a semi-shaded or completely shaded position, both in the winter period and, even more so, during the summer one. In winter, even watering may be slightly reduced, since temperatures will drop significantly.

Multiplication


The reproduction of the maranta can be carried out easily and without too much effort it will be possible to obtain several successive generations starting from the original one. Reproduction usually occurs by stem cuttings or by division of the root part. This second technique is carried out during the vegetative rest period of the plant, just before the resumption of the natural cycle, between February and March: it will be sufficient to extract the seedling from the ground and proceed with the division of the roots, and then bury the two seedlings thus obtained in waiting for new shoots, which will reveal the rooting and make cultivation possible according to the traditional cultivation techniques of the maranta. The only precaution will be to divide the roots in a delicate way, to damage them as little as possible. The division by stem cuttings, on the other hand, is carried out between May and August and involves cutting a part of a healthy and robust stem of about 10 cm. The end of the stem will first be immersed in a rhizogenic powder and subsequently buried in a mixture of sand and peat, inside a small pot. The cutting will be stored in a humid and shaded environment at a constant temperature: the first shoots will reveal the rooting and the plant can be grown like any adult specimen.

Maranta: Diseases and parasites


The ideal conditions for the cultivation of maranta are for the most part also those that favor the proliferation of fungal and parasitic infestations: the low exposure to sunlight, the strong environmental humidity and the location in environments with high temperatures are all elements that favor the spread of fungi and parasites, while an excessive presence of water stagnation could favor the proliferation of molds. The worst enemy of the maranta is the cochineal, which is noted for the presence of white spots on the underside of the leaves. In case of infestation, it will be necessary to use specific pesticide products, taking care to eliminate any parasite specimen and not to leave any survivors that could give rise to a second colonization. Yellow or brown spots, instead, small in size and scattered along the leaf, they can reveal the presence of a red spider. Anomalies of the leaves can, however, also signal cultivation errors: in this case it is sufficient to restore the optimal conditions to have to deal with a healthy and robust plant again. If the leaves wilt or dry out, it means that the plant is exposed to too low temperatures or direct sunlight, which burns the leaves. If they lose color, however, it will probably be the fault of an imbalance in watering: the water could be too much or not enough. in this case it is sufficient to restore the optimal conditions to have again to deal with a healthy and robust plant. If the leaves wilt or dry out, it means that the plant is exposed to too low temperatures or direct sunlight, which burns the leaves. If they lose color, however, it will probably be the fault of an imbalance in watering: the water could be too much or not enough. in this case it is sufficient to restore the optimal conditions to have again to deal with a healthy and robust plant. If the leaves wilt or dry out, it means that the plant is exposed to too low temperatures or direct sunlight, which burns the leaves. If they lose color, however, it will probably be the fault of an imbalance in watering: the water could be too much or not enough.

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