Indoor plants

Outdoor cyclamen

Sowing, transplanting, multiplication

The tubers of the outdoor cyclamen do not proliferate directly as it does in other bulbous species. Wild species propagate abundantly if the climatic and soil conditions are favorable. Therefore it is advisable to let these plants grow spontaneously and after a few years, when the tubers are now too dense, it is advisable to intervene to thin them and replant them in other flower beds. The cultivation of the Persian cyclamen is quite different, which is usually planted in pots to be kept in a greenhouse, in the open air, in an apartment or on window sills. For a family cultivation of outdoor cyclamen plants, it is certainly worthwhile to resort to the purchase of plants already grown and in bloom or, at least, to

Soil, watering, fertilization.

The outdoor cyclamen can be grown, unlike rustic cyclamen, in the open ground only in a very mild climate and where there is no risk of frost. On the balcony or on the windowsill, in the flowerbed or in a pot, the outdoor cyclamenit must always be placed in a cool, shady place. Usually the outdoor cyclamen is grown in pots of 18-20 centimeters in diameter and during the summer it should always be kept outdoors but away from the sun. The outdoor cyclamen should be watered often but moderately or better by pouring the water in the saucers or on the benches covered with sand, so that the plants can absorb the water by capillarity, according to consumption. It is better, in fact, to avoid wetting the tubers as well as the flower peducles and small leaves, due to the risk of rot. The soil is softened by adding sand or perlite. In autumn these cyclamen settle in a greenhouse or in an apartment at a temperature of around 15-18 degrees and in a very bright place;

Areas of origin

Numerous species belong to the genus of Cyclamen, all perennial and bulbous, originating mainly in regions of southern Europe and those of the Mediterranean basin. With the exception of the Cyclamen of Persia, that is the cyclamen from which numerous and valuable horticultural varieties suitable for cultivation in greenhouses and in apartments are derived, all the other species are very rustic and can be planted in the garden where they can easily naturalize. All the species belonging to the genus Cyclamen have an underground tuber, mostly flattened and depressed; from it originate directly the well-petiolate leaves, typically cordate, of a bright green color in the upper part, of a purplish red color on the reverse.

Outdoor cyclamen: Other varieties

The outdoor cyclamen is not the only variety found in nature. There are several species such as the European cyclamen which blooms from July to September. In the southern regions the cyclamen with ivy leaves or napoltenus is widespread, with a later flowering, lighter flowers and very little odor. Due to its adaptability, outdoor cyclamen is very popular as a pot plant. It is not uncommon to find flower beds in cities, large or small, embellished with numerous and colorful outdoor cyclamen. Beautiful, colorful, outdoor cyclamen plants are also cute as a gift. Among the plants that of the cyclamen is subject to root rot. Mice can gnaw on the tubers. The cyclamen in botany belongs to the “primulaceae” family. Over time, even the rustic species manage to naturalize in the open ground.

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