Indoor plants

Pachira

Pachira

Belonging to the Bombacaceae family, the Pachira is an evergreen plant with an upright posture and particular beauty. It originated in the tropical and marshy areas of Central America (particularly in Mexico) and in the north of Brazil. Its particular beauty has made it a very well known and appreciated plant. In their places of origin, these plants reach considerable dimensions (even 20 meters in height) but, in areas with a Mediterranean climate, they do not exceed 3 meters in height. Its tender and intertwined stem is greenish in color and its leaves are palmate, glossy and of an intense green. They can even reach a width of 30 centimeters. The flowers that bloom from the Pachira are about 15 centimeters large and consist of cream-colored petals and pink or reddish stamens. They are fragrant but unfortunately they do not last long, they last a few days and their characteristic is to open up during the night or early in the morning. The resulting fruit is a capsule with a length that is between 5 and 10 centimeters and a width between 5 and 6 centimeters. These are brown to black in color and, once ripe, open and drop the seeds. The resulting fruit is a capsule with a length that is between 5 and 10 centimeters and a width between 5 and 6 centimeters. These are brown to black in color and, once ripe, open and drop the seeds. The resulting fruit is a capsule with a length that is between 5 and 10 centimeters and a width between 5 and 6 centimeters. These are brown to black in color and, once ripe, open and drop the seeds.

Cultivation


Pachira is an easy-to-grow plant and can be grown both indoors and outdoors as long as the temperatures are mild, especially during the winter. Its ideal temperatures are around 20 – 30 ° C during the hottest periods and around 10 ° C during the coldest periods. They also withstand temperatures below 10 ° C, the important thing is that it does not drop below zero and that these periods are rather short. As for the exposure, they are plants that like to be placed in well-lit places but do not like the direct rays of the sun. It is not recommended to place them in direct sunlight especially in the hottest hours of the day, the sun could burn the leaves and therefore cause irreparable damage to the plant. The Pachiras are very fond of developing in the open air, in fact, during the hottest periods it is a good habit to take them outside. Be careful, however, not to expose them to cold air currents because, contrary to what was previously written, they do not prefer them.

Soil and watering

He does not have great preferences regarding the land to use for cultivation. The ideal soil, in principle, must have two characteristics: it must guarantee good drainage to avoid the formation of water stagnations that are very harmful to the plant and must be a neutral or slightly acidic soil. The soils to avoid are clayey and heavy ones because they hold too much water and do not allow the root system to develop in the right way. A mixture that the plant might like is a part of fertile soil, a part of sand and a part of peat. As for irrigation, the Pachina should be watered abundantly throughout the spring and summer period. Preferably, watering, they must be performed with non-calcareous water and therefore rainwater or distilled water must be used. During the coldest periods, irrigation must be decreased but the soil must always be slightly humid and never completely dry. Pachiras are plants that need to develop with an optimal amount of humidity in the environment in which they grow. To create humidity in the environment, just place the pot on a saucer with expanded clay or gravel inside and spray the foliage.

Fertilization and multiplication

The fertilizations must be done from the beginning of the spring period to the end of the summer period. The fertilizer should be administered every 3 – 4 weeks following the doses indicated on the product package. A liquid fertilizer should be used to be diluted in the water used for watering. The fertilizer to be used is a balanced fertilizer equally in Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium but, in addition to the macro elements, it must also contain micro elements such as Iron, Copper, Zinc, Magnesium, Boron, Molybdenum and Manganese. The multiplication of the Pachira can take place both by seed and by cutting. The seeds should be placed in a container with fertile soil and sand or perlite inside and the tray should be placed in a warm, sheltered and illuminated place. It must also be covered with a plastic sheet that acts as a protection and which will be removed when the sprouts are born. Once strengthened, the new plants can be planted. The talles, on the other hand, should be taken in spring and cut below the knot. They must be placed in a container with rhizogenic powder mixed with a fungicide and, subsequently, they must be placed in a mixture of sand and dark peat. The container should be placed in the shade at a temperature of about 21 ° C and covered for protection. Once the new plants have branched and born, they can be moved into a pot individually. They must be placed in a container with rhizogenic powder mixed with a fungicide and, subsequently, they must be placed in a mixture of sand and dark peat. The container should be placed in the shade at a temperature of about 21 ° C and covered for protection. Once the new plants have branched and born, they can be moved into a pot individually. They must be placed in a container with rhizogenic powder mixed with a fungicide and, subsequently, they must be placed in a mixture of sand and dark peat. The container should be placed in the shade at a temperature of about 21 ° C and covered for protection. Once the new plants have branched and born, they can be moved into a pot individually.

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