Indoor plants

Solanum

Plants for decorating

The beauty of plants is recognized everywhere and by any culture in the world due to the fact that they are among the most extraordinary products of nature; certainly, the human being has had an evolutionary path that has led him to levels once unimaginable for intelligence and potential domination of his habitat, but plants, if studied in depth, have equally extraordinary characteristics. For example, they are able to live where other fairly simple forms of life fail … but where even we who do not care about the title of super evolved species cannot live! We are talking, for example, of the desert places, which are the antithesis of the habitat for plants as they have a very low quantity of water. However, they have progressively adapted and now many species (the Cactaceae above all, the famous desert cacti) live where not even man could resist without adequate structures. But not only that, they also learned to absorb oxygen not from the air but from the water in order to survive immersed in water, another incredible thing! And then there are the “roles” assigned by the usual man who enjoys arranging everything he sees in order to please him and many plants are now furnishing objects, but extraordinary objects.

Solanum


This name is a scientific name of Latin derivation (in which the sun clearly has something to do with it, we will see shortly why) which indicates an unknown plant genus, moreover; the name as it is will not say much to many readers, but every day we come into contact with this vast genus of plants (the species currently attributed to the group are fourteen hundred, but clearly increasing) in various extraordinary forms, from food to plants. ‘furniture. The genus is characterized by having species of shrubby and / or climbing plants, of the bushy type (therefore they almost never reach great heights and sizes) which are native to the continent of America, especially in the southern part, and some of them have reached Europe almost immediately the discovery of the New World, both because they are discovered as edible and because they are beautiful to look at and adaptable to the climate very easily. In general, the plants of the genus Solanum have leaves of a not very bright green, because the color is attenuated by the presence of a protective hair on the entire surface of the plant, from the stem to the leaves and also to the flowers, whose density and length varies. from species to species.

Solanum decorative

Among the more than a thousand species present in the genus Solanum there are plants destined for almost every purpose, but in this article we are interested in those exploited for decorative purposes; let’s say immediately that there are two or three characteristics that make it possible to exploit these plants in this sense: the bushy and climbing character which, if you know how to manage with adequate pruning, can guarantee excellent decorative results and adaptability to many situations, then there is the presence of quite bright and dense leaves (Solanum with very little surface hair is selected, also through hybridizations) but above all there is a highly sought-after characteristic: colored berries. The genus Solanum, from the point of view of fruiting, is very rustic, that is, it does not need many precise and contemporary conditions to bear fruit, but it adapts to both indoors and outdoors with great ease, the important thing is that the temperature never drops below fifteen degrees centigrade. And the berries, numerous, often in clusters, very colorful (yellow, orange, red, mixed) are very eye-catching and easily decorate various environments. If well cared for, the plant bears fruit in winter. Unfortunately, many plants are sold with this goal, then thrown away in the spring when the berries disappear, but only out of ignorance: if well cared for they can bear fruit also the following year. If well cared for, the plant bears fruit in winter. Unfortunately, many plants are sold with this goal, then thrown away in the spring when the berries disappear, but only out of ignorance: if well cared for they can bear fruit also the following year. If well cared for, the plant bears fruit in winter. Unfortunately, many plants are sold with this goal, then thrown away in the spring when the berries disappear, but only out of ignorance: if well cared for they can bear fruit also the following year.

Solanum in the kitchen

Even if the decorative aspect of the Solanum is famous and universally appreciated, we don’t want the topic of our article, but this genus is ultra-known for the species that abound on our tables. Let me be clear: in the Solanum group there are extremely poisonous species, but others are fantastic; just think that tomato, eggplant and potatoes are all part of this group! If you think about it, in percentage terms, these foods are very often present in our foods, so in practice we almost always eat Solanum fruits (or tubers, for the potato)! But what differentiates the kitchen Solanum from the decorative ones? Quite simply, the appearance and edibility of the berries, also because each species, over the centuries, has been selected and perfected for its “intended use”. The important thing is to remember the minimum temperature of fifteen degrees centigrade in winter, regular watering to always keep the soil moist and fertilization with liquid and balanced fertilizer (generic, therefore) every fifteen days. Speaking of this, it would be good to follow the dosage and dosage instructions suggested on the package of the fertilizer you buy, but diluting a little less fertilizer than suggested, since the recommended dosage has its own commercial component (the more you use buy it again first), as well as making the plant grow naturally.

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