Indoor plants


Spathiphyllum plant, general information

Spathiphyllum is an evergreen plant native to the American Subtropical areas, belonging to the Araceae family. With an upright habit, it produces very ornamental, glossy and dark green leaves, carried by pistils that start directly from an underground rhizome (the plant has no stem). The flowers are inflorescences supported by long pistils, composed of a spathe and a spadix. The white spatula, which gives its color to the flower, wraps the spadix, similar in shape to a panicle and yellow-white in color. Thanks to its characteristics, Spathiphyllum is a plant that can be easily grown in an apartment, does not require special care and adapts to “almost” all types of environment. Furthermore, it is one of the plants that has the characteristic of purifying the air.

Spathiphyllum, cure

As already mentioned, the Spathiphyllum plant adapts very well to apartment living. It loves places with good lighting, even if it does not like direct exposure to sunlight. It tolerates temperatures above 25 ° C very well; on the contrary, however, it does not like temperatures below 15 ° C. Attention should be paid to cold air currents and sudden changes in temperature, which are not very tolerated. Watering must be regular, especially in summer, where the substratum must always be kept humid but never soaked. In winter, watering may be less regular and the substratum can be allowed to dry up between one watering and the next. The foliar nebulization is very useful, where possible, using lukewarm and not calcareous water and paying attention not to wet the flowers.

Spathiphyllum plant, propagation and repotting techniques

The Spathiphyllum plant propagates through the separation of rhizomes. In spring, small portions of rhizome are taken (taking care not to damage the plant) provided with at least a couple of leaves and they are repotted autonomously using small pots and soil composed of peat and sand. The new Spathiphyllum seedlings will then be placed in bright environments with a more or less stable temperature and watered regularly, keeping the substrate moist. As soon as they have rooted and produced new vegetation, they can be repotted into larger pots and treated as adult plants. The Spathiphyllum are repotted about every 2 years, in spring, using soil composed mainly of peat and sand and ensuring excellent water drainage,

Spathiphyllum plant, fertilizing, pruning, diseases and pests

If you want, you can fertilize the Spathiphyllum plant every two weeks using liquid fertilizer to be administered by mixing it with normal irrigation water, in the period from spring to autumn. Fertilizations must be suspended in the winter period. The most common diseases are the cause of irregular watering and excessive exposure to sunlight. Infrequent watering can cause foliar wilting (the plant may seem “mushy”). In this case, immerse the plant in a tub or container for a few minutes. On the contrary, too frequent watering, especially if the substratum does not guarantee an excellent drainage, can lead to rot. Excessive exposure to sunlight can cause leaf or flower burns. Finally, the most common parasites of the Spathiphyllum plant are the scale insects and the red spider, to be eliminated by treating the plant with anti-mite products. Spraying the leaves often can help prevent such problems, moreover, always as a prevention it may be useful to clean the leaves from dust using a damp cloth.

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