Indoor plants

Spathiphyllum care

Spathiphyllum care

Spathiphyllum plants are simple to grow luxuriantly in your home. They fear winter temperatures below fifteen degrees and environments that are too dry. The soil must be well drained, consisting of peat and sand. Irrigation is frequent and abundant, only during the summer season. Nebulizing the foliage helps to maintain the right degree of humidity, which is essential for Spathiphyllus specimens. They love filtered sunlight, direct exposure can result in damage to the foliage. To support the flowering period it is advisable to administer a fertilizer rich in potassium, in spring and summer. The Spathiphyllum care and attention for the cultivation of a plant with characteristic inflorescences, used for ornamental purposes.

Characteristics of the Spathiphyllum plant

Known with the names of Spathiphyllum, Spatafillo or Spoon plant, a name derived from the white spathe that wraps the individual inflorescences. The Spathiphyllum species belongs to the Araceae genus, plants native to Central America. These tropical plants are evergreen and perennial, they are characterized by the lack of stem. In fact, the large leaves arise directly from the underground rhizome and are equipped with long and resistant petioles. The tips of the foliage are sharp, the surface is shiny and dark green. The small flowers grow on a spadix, surrounded by a white spathe with curved edges, which grows at the base of the inflorescence. If cultivated in optimal conditions, the Spathiphyllus blooms in spring and can continue throughout the summer season.

Propagation of the Spathiphyllum plant

Spathiphyllum care and technique for propagation, without too much difficulty, through the division of underground rhizomes. The operation can be carried out at the end of winter, on the occasion of repotting, or at the end of the summer season. With the help of a sharp knife, sections of the rhizome, consisting of three or four leaves, can be cut. It is advisable to treat the portions obtained with fungicide powder, before transplanting them into individual pots, filled with moistened peaty soil. The new plants must be stored away from light and for a quick take root, the temperature must not drop below twenty degrees. The final rooting takes place with the emission of new shoots, at this point it is possible to plant the plant in temperate and bright areas.

Varieties of the Spathiphyllum plant

The genus of the Spathiphyllum plant offers different varieties with similar characteristics and inflorescences. On the market, the most readily available species is Spathiphyllum wallisi, a rhizomatous plant, with large oblong and sharp-edged foliage. Equipped with a long petiole, the leaves of this evergreen are shiny and have marked veins. The flowers grow on stems and are composed of a white spathe and a yellow or creamy white spadix. This plant blooms twice a year. Another variety crossed with Spathiphyllum wallisi is the hybrid called Spathiphyllum x Mauna Loa, the foliage exceeds twenty centimeters in length and the inflorescences have a long white spathe. It generally blooms during the month of May.

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