Succulents

7 types of Echeveria and their care

Succulents like the ones that I am going to present you next are wonderful, because although they already produce very beautiful petals, they themselves seem to be flowers or artificial plants made by a professional. The most interesting thing is that there are many types of Echeveria, each one more decorative and curious.

I’m not going to lie to you: they are not exactly the easiest succulents to care for, but they are not complicated either. If you want to start your collection, or expand it, now you are going to see several types and, in the end, I will tell you how to keep them in good condition.

7 types of Echeveria for garden or pot

Echeveria elegans

Image – Wikimedia/ Krzysztof Golik

Known as alabaster rose, it is a plant native to Mexico that forms rosettes of thick pale blue leaves. The flowers are grouped in clusters 10-15cm long, and are pink.

Related article:Echeveria elegans

Echeveria agavoides

Image – Flickr/ 唐 喬

It is native to Mexico, and forms a rosette of fleshy leaves, more or less triangular, green with red tips. It produces a floral stem of about 50cm long, with pink, orange or red flowers.

Related article:Echeveria agavoides

Echeveria lilacina

It is native to Mexico, and forms a rosette of ovate and very compact leaves that are bluish-gray, deep green or pinkish green. The flowers sprout from a flower stalk and are pink or red.

Echeveria glauca (now Echeveria secunda)

Image – Wikimedia/ Vengolis

It is an endemic plant of Mexico, where it is known as conchita or tememetla. It forms a compact rosette of leaves, about 20cm in diameter, fleshy and glaucous. The flowers sprout from a flower stalk that can measure up to 31cm long, and are reddish or pinkish.

Echeveria setosa

Image – Wikimedia/ Cody Hough

It is a native plant of the mountains of the state of Puebla (Mexico). It develops a rosette of fleshy, green leaves up to 15cm high covered by whitish villi. It produces red and yellow flowers on a thin and long stem, about 30cm.

Echeveria pulvinata

Image – Flickr/ loverdar

Known as echeveria peluda, it is a plant native to Oaxaca (Mexico) that develops a rosette of oval leaves covered by white hairs. The flowers are grouped in clusters and are red or orange.

Related article:Echeveria pulvinata, ideal plant to have in a pot

Echeveria imbricata (hybrid of Echeveria secunda ‘Glauca’ and Echeveria gibbiflora ‘Metalica’)

Image – Flickr/ mcgrayjr

It is a hybrid plant that produces a rosette of oval green, pink-green, or bluish-green leaves. The flowers come out of a short stem, about 10-20cm, and are yellow or pink.

How to take care of the Echeveria?

If you want to have one, or if you already have and doubts about its care, we recommend you follow these tips:

Location

  • Outdoors: ideally they are in full sun, or at least in a very bright area. But be careful not to expose it to the star king without first accustoming it, since otherwise its leaves would burn quickly.
  • Interior: needs a lot of light. If you have a room with windows that open onto a clear area outside, place it there, close by (never right in front, as it could also burn).

Earth

Image – Wikimedia/ Salicna

  • Pot: fill it with sandy substrates, such as pomx or akadama. Another option is to mix universal growing medium (sold here ) with perlite (sold here ) in equal parts.
  • Garden: it needs a land that is capable of draining water quickly, since its roots are very sensitive to waterlogging. As this soil is difficult to have in a garden, what is done a lot is to dig a hole deep and wide enough to be able to later introduce a block (of those that are square, about 20x20cm minimum, and are hollow), and fill later that block with some substrate that we mentioned before. In order not to run any risk, before laying the substrate you can introduce a piece of shading mesh so that the roots are never in contact with the original soil of your garden.

Irrigation

Scarce. During the summer, it will be necessary to water a little more often, but always try to leave the substrate between waterings. In case of having it in a pot, never wet its leaves and, if you put a plate under it, remember to remove the excess water 30 minutes after watering.

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From the beginning of spring to the end of summer it is important to fertilize the Echeveria with a liquid fertilizer for cacti and succulents or in granules following the instructions specified on the packaging.

Multiplication

Echeveria pulidonis// Image – Flickr/ Rüveyde

Although they can be multiplied by seeds, this method is quite complicated. It is necessary to place a seedbed with a sandy substrate that will always be kept slightly humid, near a heat source, and to do treatments with fungicide to avoid fungi. And still, no matter how much control you have, you can’t be sure that they will germinate.

For this reason, what is done is to multiply it by leaf or stem cuttings in spring-summer. The way to proceed in any case is the same:

  1. A leaf or stem is separated from the plant.
  2. Let it dry for a couple of days (up to a week if it is a stem).
  3. And it is planted in pots with universal growing substrate mixed with equal parts perlite.

In the case of the leaves, they lie down, covering a little the narrowest part (the one that kept it attached to the mother plant). Thus, you will begin to see that they prosper more or less after 15 days.

Planting or transplanting time

In spring. If you have it in a pot, transplant it every 2 years or so.

Plagues and diseases

They are very resistant, but mealybugs, aphids (especially on flowers) and mollusks (snails and slugs) are enemies that must be watched and controlled, for example with diatomaceous earth.

Related article:The different uses of diatomaceous earth

Rusticity

The Echeveria resist the cold, but the frosts harm them. It is preferable that it does not drop below 0 degrees, but if in your area there are weak and occasional frosts of up to -2ºC you will not have to worry too much. Its leaves may well suffer some frost damage, but nothing serious.

Of course, there are some species, such as E. ruyonii, that it is better to protect indoors. If you have questions, contact us.

Echeveria laui// Image – Wikimedia/ Salicna

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