Succulents

Echeveria agavoides

Non-cacti succulents are famous for having very elegant shapes and colors, but Echeveria agavoides is one of the most striking. It does not grow much, which is why it can be kept in a pot throughout its life; in addition, it produces very decorative flowers.

However, if we have to say something “bad” about it, it is that it is very sensitive to overwatering. But don’t worry, right now we are going to tell you everything about this magnificent plant so that you can always keep it healthy.

Origin and characteristics

Image – Wikimedia/ Michael Wolf

Our protagonist is a crass or non-cactus succulent plant native to Mexico, specifically from San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Guanajuato and Durango. Its scientific name is Echeveria agavoides, although it is popularly known as simply echeveria.

It is characterized by being a stemless plant, which forms a rosette of fleshy and more or less triangular leaves 8-12cm high by 7-15cm in diameter, green most of the time, although some varieties with bright light they end up with more or less red margins. The flowers are pink, orange or red.

What are their cares?

If you want to have a copy, we recommend you provide the following care:

Location

The Echeveria agavoides is a plant that has to be outside, preferably in full sun. Now, the normal thing is that in the nurseries they have it protected from the star king, and even that they label it as “indoor plant”, so in these cases it is necessary to gradually accustom it to direct exposure to the sun’s rays. otherwise it would burn very easily.

Earth

  • Garden: the soil must have excellent drainage. If it does not have it, you have to make a planting hole of about 50x50cm and fill it with universal growing substrate (you will find it here ) mixed with perlite (get it here ) in equal parts.
  • Pot: I recommend using pumice (you can get it here ) or universal growing medium mixed with 50% perlite.

Irrigation

As we anticipated at the beginning, this is a succulent that is very, very sensitive to excess watering. All you have to do is go through the water once for its roots to rot. Therefore, to avoid this, in addition to using a substrate or soil with good drainage, it is important to know when to water it. And as each climate is different, the ideal is to check the humidity before proceeding to take the watering machine. How to do that?

  • Use a digital moisture meter – it will instantly tell you how wet the soil that has come in contact with it is.
  • Weigh the pot once it is watered and again after a few days: the difference in weight will be noticeable, since when wet it weighs considerably more than when dry. So if it’s heavy, don’t water.
  • Insert a thin wooden stick: when you remove it, if you see that it has a lot of soil attached, wait a little to water.

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Fertilizer is just as important as irrigation, since without the extra “food” the Echeveria agavoides would soon weaken. Therefore, you must pay it from the beginning of spring to the end of summer (you can continue until autumn if you live in an area with a mild and/ or warm climate) with fertilizers for cacti and other succulents (like this one ) following the instructions specified on the package.

Another option is to pay it with Blue Nitrofoska, adding a small spoonful every 15-20 days.

Multiplication

It multiplies by seeds and leaf cuttings in spring-summer. Let’s see how to proceed in each case:

Seeds

You have to follow this step by step:

  1. First, you must fill a pot of about 10.5cm in diameter with universal growing substrate mixed with perlite in equal parts.
  2. Then, water conscientiously.
  3. Next, place the seeds on the surface and cover them with a thin layer of substrate.
  4. Finally, place the pot outside, in semi-shade.

If all goes well, they will germinate in 2-3 weeks.

Leaf cuttings

The step by step to follow is as follows:

  1. First, take a leaf that is healthy.
  2. Then let the wound dry for a couple of days.
  3. Then fill a pot with universal growing medium.
  4. The next step is to place the sheet on the surface. You can cover the end where the wound is with a little bit of substrate, but not too much. The blade has to lie flat.
  5. Finally, place the pot outside, in semi-shade.

In 2 weeks or so it will emit its own roots and leaves.

Plagues and diseases

Image – Flickr/ 唐 喬

It does not usually have it, but if the growing conditions are not the most suitable it can be attacked by:

  • Mealybugs: they feed on the sap of the leaves.
  • Aphids: they feed mainly on the sap of the flowers, but they are also seen on the leaves.
  • Others: mollusks (snails and slugs) feed on the whole plant .

As it is a rather small plant, they can be removed by hand or with a brush soaked in pharmacy alcohol.

Planting or transplanting time

In spring, when the risk of frost has passed. If potted, transplant every two years.

Rusticity

It resists weak and occasional frosts down to -2ºC, but it is best not to drop below 0 degrees.

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