Succulents

Euphorbia trigona

Euphorbia trigona: general information

Euphorbia trigona is a succulent belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family. This perennial specimen is native to the regions of Central Africa and in nature it can reach maximum dimensions between 2 and 3 meters in height. Its aerial structure consists of a straight stem and a round crown; these stems can have a triangular or square base and can be very branched. Depending on the species it belongs to, each stem can take on a white or rosacea color. Euphorbia trigona has spines and rounded leaves that can reach dimensions of about 2 or 3 centimeters. During the summer it is possible to observe flowers gathered in cyathia, which bloom near the thorns.

Euphorbia trigona: cultivation


Euphorbia trigona is a succulent specimen that does not need specific cultivation practices. As for its exposure, from March to October, it must be moved outside the house in a semi-shaded but at the same time bright position. In this way it will be protected from strong sunlight during the summer season. Since this is a plant that cannot stand the cold, during the winter season it must be placed in a place where the temperatures are not lower than about 8/10 ° C. Watering must be very moderate; abundant during the vegetative season, always waiting for the soil to dry well, and sporadic during the winter season. In the event that the plant is at a temperature below about 8 ° C,

Euphorbia trigona: cultivation techniques


From the point of view of fertilization, Euphorbia trigona must be fertilized monthly during the summer season. In this way the aerial structure, including the flowers, will be stronger, longer lasting and more robust. Pruning is not an indispensable practice because no branches develop that hinder the aeration of the foliage. At the most it is possible to remove the dust that settles on the stem, on the foliage and on the inflorescences, using a very common brush. A particularity of Euphorbia trigona concerns its position. As already mentioned above, the succulent must be planted in a bright environment but away from direct sunlight, avoiding the stem and flowers from burning during the summer season. In addition to this,

Euphorbia trigona, multiplication and diseases


The multiplication of Euphorbia trigona can take place by seeds or cuttings. After having taken the branch from the mother plant between the spring and summer season, it must be buried in a jar consisting of a sandy soil. When you begin to notice the formation of a solid root system, take the succulent and place it in a place protected from direct sunlight, remembering to keep the soil with the right level of humidity. As for the parasites and diseases that can damage the normal development of Euphorbia trigona there are: aphids, mealy cochineal and root rot. Aphids are parasites that feed on the sap present on the leaves of the plant. If you do not proceed with their elimination, the infected area dries up to death. The cochineal attacks the plant forming a sort of white and very sticky powder. The parasite can be eliminated with a cotton swab dipped in water and alcohol and then washed the plant. Root rot is prevented by sparing watering doses.

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