Kalanchoe thyrsiflora

How and how much to water kalanchoe thyrsiflora

Kalanchoe thyrsiflora is a succulent native to South Africa and Madagascar, therefore it is a plant accustomed to drought, which tolerates periods of water scarcity very well and much less excessive watering with relative humidity and stagnation of water. To keep it healthy and avoid the risk of disease, Kalanchoe thyrsiflora should only be watered when the soil is dry. Even in the seasons of spring and summer, when the water supply must be more regular and abundant, the soil of Kalanchoe thyrsiflora should be left to dry out between one watering and the next. During the winter you will have to limit yourself to watering sporadically, after the plant has been dry for a few days, while in case of intense cold it is better to completely suspend irrigation and leave the plant to rest.

How to grow and care for kalanchoe

Loose, very well-drained soil is the ideal substrate for this plant. Kalanchoe thyrsiflora has few pretensions and that is why it lends itself to being cultivated even by those who have little time available or are not a gardening expert. This crassulacea is not very fond of decanting and prefers not to have too much space for the roots, so it should not be repotted often and should not be placed in very large containers. Kalanchoe thyrsiflora does not need to be pruned, but dry or damaged leaves and withered flowers must be periodically eliminated, also to avoid the onset of diseases. Propagation usually occurs by cuttings. A 10 cm segment of the stem should be taken from the mother plant and placed in a substrate of sand and peat, after having left it to dry for a couple of days. The pot with the cuttings (it is better to make more than one) should be placed in a fairly bright place, but above all warm, and covered with transparent plastic, to be opened once a day to eliminate excess humidity. When new shoots appear, it can be transplanted into pots. Seeds can also be used to multiply Kalanchoe. Sowing must be done in spring.

How and when to fertilize

Plant prone to giving rich blooms, Kalanchoe thyrsiflora needs a complete fertilizer that ensures its growth and provides it with the essential elements to keep it luxuriant. Fertilization must take place approximately every two weeks and can be done with a common fertilizer for succulents. In any case, the product must contain a high enough content of potassium to ensure flowering, and then nitrogen and phosphorus. Microelements are also important, especially zinc, the lack of which causes the decay of Kalanchoe, but iron, copper, manganese and boron must not be lacking. After the summer the fertilizations must be suspended, to start again with the vegetative restart of the plant. For the fertilization of Kalanchoe thyrsiflora it is preferable to use the fertilizer in liquid form,

Kalanchoe thyrsiflora: Exposure, diseases and possible remedies

A succulent plant native to warm areas, Kalanchoe thirsyflora loves sunny and bright locations. The direct sun does not harm her, as long as she is used to receiving it. Newly purchased plants should be exposed to the sun gradually. A shelter from direct rays during the hottest hours can help keep the plant less rustic. Kalanchoe fears severe frost; for this, if temperatures approach zero, it should be repaired. The most dangerous enemies of this succulent are rot and fungal diseases caused by excessive moisture. Dark spots on leaves, gray or whitish mold, leaves with signs of rot are all symptoms of moisture-favored fungal attacks. The first rule, therefore, is to prevent humidity by watering wisely and sparingly. White mealybug can settle on Kalanchoe. In these cases the remedy is to clean the whole plant with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol or even «wash» the Kalanchoe with water and mild soap, and then rinse. However, there are specific products on the market for this parasite.

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