Succulents

The Crassula

Watering of the crassula

The crassula occurs in more than 300 different types, but is usually erect or bushy or climbing. Its leaves are fleshy and slightly hairy to protect itself from excessive sun. Its small flowers are star-shaped and grouped. In winter the crassula does not need particular watering, it will be sufficient to keep it at a temperature above seven degrees. In summer, however, it is necessary to water more frequently since it blooms in this season. In the case of dry soil it is good to water, but not excessively as it could damage the plant, unless the soil is well drained. Therefore, use water at room temperature to be poured into the saucer to give the roots the opportunity to drink when necessary. However, if the crassula had a choice it would opt for rainwater.

Cultivate the crassula


Crassula is grown by sowing or by cutting. In the first case, the seed must be placed in the soil mixed with sand. The pot must be medium in size and will be exposed to the shade and possibly at a temperature close to twenty degrees. If, on the other hand, you want to grow by cuttings, you will need to cut some twigs with some leaves and place the branches themselves with the bases in the sand for about a week. Afterward, plant them in the pot with wet soil. Wait for the roots to form to transfer the crassules to their final homes. The cutting as reproduction maintains all the characteristics of the original plant, while with the seed there is not the same safety. Usually the crassula does not need to be pruned, in the limit you can only improve the aesthetics by correcting the foliage.

The fertilization of the crassula


To allow the crassula to grow in the best way, it is advisable to use a well-drained soil to prevent the water from creating somewhat negative stagnations for the plant. It is also good to fertilize every month during the flowering period. The fertilizer must be used from April to August and must contain potassium, phosphorus, iron, copper and so on. However, it is advisable not to use fertilizers with nitrogen, as they would dry out the crassula. Opt for liquid fertilizers and for soils composed of earth, peat, sand and leaves. It is best not to over-press the soil to maintain drainage, choose a pot that is right for the plant which should not be very large as the crassula usually grows vertically.

La Crassula: Exposure and possible diseases


In the apartments the crassula lives well, even if it must be placed in the sun and therefore where there is a lot of light. In summer, however, it is good to place it in the shade to avoid burning the beautiful and decorative leaves. The crassula fears incorrect watering and poor drainage of the earth, in fact if the plant is given too much water the stem could rot. To remedy this, move it immediately to a dry area to help the soil dry out. Gray mold is the most common disease of crassula and manifests itself with a yellow color on the leaves. It is also good to provide the plant with insecticides and fungicides both in winter and in spring. To defeat the cochineal instead it will be sufficient to remove the leaves and the branch where the parasite nestles.

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