Succulents

Waxy

Introduction

It is a succulent plant very similar to the cactus, although it grows much more in height. Rich in varieties with variously colored flowers, this plant finds its ideal location both in pots and in the open field. We are talking about the waxy, a succulent species belonging to the cactaceae family. Easy to grow, the wax is very suitable even for inexperienced gardeners, who will not take long to learn the simple cultivation needs of this typical succulent plant. In the next paragraphs we will learn more about the characteristics of wax and the main cultivation methods to keep it always healthy and healthy.

Features


The waxy, as already mentioned in the previous paragraph, is a succulent plant belonging to the cactaceae family and native to South America. Typical species of arid and desert climates marked by high temperatures and drought, the waxy includes about 50 different species, with similar characteristics and some morphological differences found in the height of the plant and in the color of the flowers. The plant has a cylindrical vertical stem that can reach up to twelve meters in height, large lateral grooves and thorny margins. The color of the stem is green similar to blue, while the flowers are white, or pink in some varieties. The fruits are juicy berries that are edible only in plants that grow in tropical climates.

Variety

As already mentioned, the wax has about fifty different species. The best known are seen for ornamental purposes and among these we remember the Cereo Giganteus, the Peruvian Cereo and the Cereo Jamacaru. Cereo Giganteus is also called «the desert cactus», has branches similar to candelabra and has a very slow growth. It can take up to twenty years to reach half a meter in height. The Peruvian Cereo has a stem with six thorny ribs and red and white flowers. It is the most widespread and most cultivated species. Cereo Jamacaru features fluff-like spines and beautiful white flowers.

Cereo: Cultivation

The cultivation of wax is quite simple, given the few cultural needs of this plant. The ideal exposure is in full sun, while the temperature should be medium hot and around 25 degrees. The waxy also bears the cold, while it is extremely susceptible to frost and humidity. If possible, the temperature to properly grow wax should never drop below ten degrees. The soil suitable for planting the plant and its development is well drained, loose and mixed with peat and sand. The waxy can be grown both in open fields and in pots. In areas with a warm climate it is advisable to grow it in the ground, while in colder areas it is ideal to grow in pots. The plant should be repotted every two years, in spring, choosing a container slightly larger than the previous one. The waxy must absolutely not be watered in winter, while in summer, watering is only necessary in case of prolonged drought and dry soil for at least two days. In this case, the amount of water to be administered is equal to two glasses of water every month. The plant must also be fertilized during the vegetative season, which coincides with the period between May and August. The fertilizer must be administered every twenty days and distributed together with the water for irrigation. Fertilizers suitable for wax are those rich in phosphorus and potassium, while those with a high nitrogen content, which weaken the plant causing it to rot, are to be avoided. The waxy reproduces by seed and by cutting. The seeds must be planted in spring, in a container with a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts. The cuttings must be taken from a healthy plant and must be about eight centimeters long. To cut them you must use sharp and well disinfected tools. The cone-shaped twigs must be cleaned at the base and left to dry for a week. After this period of time, they can be planted in a container with sand. The waxy does not need to be pruned. However, if it reaches an excessive height it is advisable to shorten it. The plant also lends itself to the execution of grafts, from which even more resistant varieties of succulent plants with a high ornamental effect will arise. Like most plants, waxy is also not immune to disease. The main phytopathologies of this plant are caused by parasitic insects and fungi. The insects that most affect the wax are aphids and scale insects. When the infection is not very extensive, these insects can be removed manually, even if it is more difficult to intervene in the wax, due to the presence of thorns on the stem of the plant. Plant pest insecticides work in most infections. Lack of light and excessive humidity can cause the development of molds that cause root rot. Fungal diseases can be avoided by growing the plant with the right degree of humidity and sunlight, or by distributing a broad-spectrum fungicide during the spring season. even if in the waxy it is more difficult to intervene, due to the presence of thorns on the stem of the plant. Plant pest insecticides work in most infections. Lack of light and excessive humidity can cause the development of molds that cause root rot. Fungal diseases can be avoided by growing the plant with the right degree of humidity and sunlight, or by distributing a broad-spectrum fungicide during the spring season. even if in the waxy it is more difficult to intervene, due to the presence of thorns on the stem of the plant. Plant pest insecticides work in most infections. Lack of light and excessive humidity can cause the development of molds that cause root rot. Fungal diseases can be avoided by growing the plant with the right degree of humidity and sunlight, or by distributing a broad-spectrum fungicide during the spring season.

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