Zebra plant (Haworthia fasciata)

We are talking about a succulent whose common name is a zebra plant. It is quite known in this world of succulents since it is widely used and characteristic. Its scientific name is Haworthia fasciata. Among other common names by which it is known we find zebra cactus or Haworthia zebra. It is not an entirely accurate name, since the plant is a succulent and not a cactus. It belongs to the Xanthorroeaceae family and comes from South Africa.

Here we are going to tell you all the characteristics of Haworthia fasciata and the main care it needs.

Main features

It is a plant that has horizontal stripes that remind us of zebra stripes. This is why its common name is zebra plant. Being a succulent plant, it has some properties similar to those of Aloe since they are related to the same subfamily.

It is a perennial plant with a fairly small size. If you take good care of it and the conditions are good, it will probably not exceed 10 cm in height. Its leaves are triangular in shape with a green color and narrow stripes. It has white flowers that usually come out during the months of October and November. When it reaches maturity, we can find numerous rosettes grouped close together and of small size where there are also many leaves.

Being a succulent plant, it has a great capacity to retain water and withstand long periods of drought. They are plants that need many hours of direct sunlight and can withstand long periods without any drop of rain. Their resistance to drought comes from their ability to store enough water in their leaves. This is also why it is one of the reasons why it is often confused and called a zebra cactus.

The most widespread general use is that of its cultivation in gardens. However, there is also a high demand for Haworthia fasciata to grow in greenhouses and in pots for window decoration. It is a quite suitable plant to grow in gardens with rockery.

Haworthia fasciata care

Although it is a plant whose cultivation and maintenance is very easy, it is advisable to review some aspects so as not to be disappointed when we have it cultivated.

Flowering and lighting

We are going to start by describing how it is flowering and the lighting it needs as the main conditioning factor in its growth stage. In general, it is a plant that needs a smaller pot so that the roots are more compact. Its flowers are white and tubular in shape, although we also find it pink. They can measure up to 10 cm in length. It has some narrow bands along the flower that can be green or reddish brown. They grow from an inflorescence.

Some long rods that are 12 to 15 inches long also grow, but they can barely stand upright on their own. You need a tutor to be able to hold them well.

In terms of lighting, we have mentioned that it is a plant that needs to receive a large amount of direct sunlight. Therefore, if we are going to have it at home, we will have to find a location where it can receive the sun’s rays. Depending on the orientation of our home, we can place it in a window where the morning sun gives it, which is the most favored for the plant. Ideally, it should receive at least 7-8 hours of sun a day. The areas of the house facing south-southeast are the most appropriate.

If we place it to the east or west of the house, it can give more hours of direct sunlight during the day and is more suitable. Too much sun at the hottest time of the year can cause them to take on a reddish color and grow more slowly. In addition, the tips of the leaves can be dried. This indicator is the one that will show us that we are passing with the sun.

Temperature and irrigation

This plant has a period of rest that exerts it during the winter . The optimum temperature so that this rest is not interrupted should be around 10 degrees. It can withstand some frosts as long as the soil is dry and not filled with moisture. The worst time of year for Haworthia fasciata is winter. And it is that the lower temperatures are mixed with the humidity of rainy days, fresh air and cold currents that can make the plant sick or even kill it.

For all this, if we have it indoors, the ideal is to place them on the window only when it is sunny. Meanwhile, it is better to keep them indoors, safe from the cold and excessive humidity. The leaves are a great store of natural water that they have and, therefore, in winter it is hardly necessary to water it. It is necessary that the upper part of the earth can be dry in winter so that it does not have problems with excessive cold and humidity.

If the plant is young, it is better not to have it in direct sun for a long time as it can damage it. Its leaves can get burned. Even as an adult, it is not advisable to keep them too long in direct sun during the hottest months. The optimal temperature range is between 18 and 26 degrees, never below 10 degrees.

The season in which it grows is from April to September. At this time it should be watered completely and not done again until the soil is dry to the touch. It should not be completely dry. In spring, water moderately and in summer also, but the rest of the year, almost never need to water. With the humidity of the environment it will be more than enough.

The time when you need fertilizer is between April and September. You can incorporate the fertilizer in liquid form with the spring and summer watering. One subscriber per month is enough. In winter it does not need fertilizer.

I hope these tips help you take good care of Haworthia fasciata and you can have it decorating interiors or gardens.

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